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中國哲學書電子化計劃
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墨家 -> 墨子 -> 卷三 -> 尚同中 -> 9

Hence the installing of the ruler in the ancient days
was intended to govern the people.
Just as there is one thread to hold together the others in a skein
and a main rope to a fishing net,
天下so the ruler is to hold together all the evil and wicked in the empire
and bring their purposes into harmony (with their superiors).
,《Thus "Xiang Nian", among the books of the ancient kings, says:
"Now the empire is established and the capital is located:
(Heaven) installed the emperor, kings, and lords
not in order to make them proud,
and (Heaven) appointed the ministers and the officials
not in order to make them idle
使。」- it was to apportion duties among them and charge them with the maintenance of the Heavenly justice."
This is to say that when God and the spirits in the past established the capital
and installed the rulers,
it was not to make their ranks high,
祿 and their emoluments substantial,
and to give them wealth and honour, and let them live in comfort and free of care.
It was really to procure benefits and eliminate adversities for the people,
and to enrich the poor and increase the few,
and to bring safety where there is danger and to restore order where there is confusion - it was for this that the political leaders were appointed.
And so the ancient sage-kings administered their government accordingly.


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