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中国哲学书电子化计划
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墨家 -> 墨子 -> 卷三 -> 尚同下 -> 3

Why are the superiors now unable to govern their subordinates,
and the subordinates unwilling to serve their superiors?
It is because of a mutual disregard.
What is the reason for this?
The reason is a difference in standards.
Whenever standards differ there will be opposition.
The ruler may think a man good
and reward him.
使The man, though rewarded by the ruler,
yet by the same act provokes the condemnation of the people.
Therefore those who do good
使 are not necessarily encouraged by rewards.
The ruler may think a man evil
and punish him.
使This man, though punished by the ruler,
怀 yet at the same time receives the approval of the people.
Therefore those who do evil
使 are not necessarily obstructed by punishments.
Thus reward and honour from the ruler
cannot encourage the good
and his denunciation and punishment
cannot prevent the evil.
What is the reason for this? The reason is a difference in standards.
1

1. 则义不同也。 : 旧脱。 孙诒让《墨子闲诂》


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