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中国哲学书电子化计划
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墨家 -> 墨子 -> 卷六 -> 节葬下 -> 11

王公大人The way in which the present rulers are buried is quite different from this.
There are the outer and the inner coffins,
and then the three layers of hide and embroidered covers.
When the stones and jade are all collected,
there are yet to be completed the spears, swords, dings, pots and ice receptacles,
and ten thousand of decorated reins and yokes,
and the carriages, horses, and the chorus girls.
Then, there must be built the tunnel to reach under the tomb
which is as high as a hill.
This interferes with people's work
and wastes people's wealth
to such a great extent.
。” How indeed is this to be avoided?
墨子 So Mozi said:
I have already said
使
1
that if in adopting the doctrine
and practising the principle,
elaborate funeral and extended mourning
really could enrich the poor, increase the few,
remove danger and regulate disorder,
they would be magnanimous,
righteous,
and the duty of the filial son.
Those who give counsel
could not but encourage them.
使(On the other hand,) if in adopting the doctrine
and practising the principle,
elaborate funeral and extended mourning
really cannot enrich the poor, increase the few,
remove danger and regulate disorder,
they are not magnanimous,
righteous,
and the duty of the filial son.
Those who are to give counsel
cannot but discourage it.
Now, (we have seen) that to seek to enrich a country thereby
brings about poverty;
to seek to increase the people thereby
results in a decrease;
and to seek to regulate government thereby
begets disorder.
To seek to prevent the large states from attacking the small ones by this way
is impossible on the one hand,
and, on the other, to seek to procure blessing from God and the spirits through it
only brings calamity.
When we look up and examine the ways of Yao, Shun, Yu, Tang, Wen, and Wu, we find it is diametrically opposed to (these).
But when we look down and examine the regimes of Jie, Zhou, You, and Li,
we find it agrees with these like two parts of a tally.
So, judging from these, elaborate funeral and extended mourning are not the way of the sage-kings.

1. 法 : 旧脱。 孙诒让《墨子闲诂》


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