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Discussion -> Linguistic issues -> 《论语 微子》两段管见

2021-06-28 23:07:26《论语 微子》两段管见
Posted by: chunzai (chunzai)
  长沮、桀溺耦而耕。孔子过之,使子路问津焉。
  长沮曰:「夫执舆者为谁?」
  子路曰:「为孔丘。」
  曰:「是鲁孔丘与?」
  曰:「是也。」
  曰:「是知津矣!」(赞扬孔子)
  问于桀溺,桀溺曰:「子为谁?」
  曰:「为仲由。」
  曰:「是鲁孔丘之徒与?」
  对曰:「然。」
  曰:「[然礼崩乐坏,纂位者]滔滔者天下皆是也,而谁以易之?(句谓谁能改之)且而与其从辟人之士(逃避迫害之人,指孔子也),岂若从辟世之士(隐者)哉?」耰而不辍。
  子路行以告,夫子怃然曰:「[既然]鸟兽不可与同群,吾非斯人之徒与而谁与?(既然鸟曾不可相与,非人谁与?)天下有道,丘不与易也。」
  ※:圣人以天下为已任,拯救中华。


  子路从而后,遇丈人,以杖荷莜。
  子路问曰:「子见夫子乎?」
  丈人[骂]曰:「[小子!]四体不勤,五谷不分。孰为夫子!」(居然会找不到老师,可见功课怎会好?骂子路他这个“四体不勤,五谷不分”不争气的圣人弟子。)植其杖而芸(故意气他一气,暂不理采,以激之,望其改之)。
  子路拱而立(虚心接受批评)。[丈人怜之,]止子路宿,杀鸡为黍而食之,见其二子焉。明日,子路行以告。
  子曰:「隐者也。」使子路反见之,至则行矣。[子叹曰:高人也!]。
  子路曰:「不士无义。长幼之节[犹]不可废也,君臣之义如之何其废之?欲洁其身而乱大伦。君子之仕也行其义也。道之不行,[末日将临,]已知之矣!」
  ※:子路果然大有长进




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