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Scope: 五蠹 Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: Contains text "儒以文亂法俠以武犯禁而人主兼禮之此所以亂也" Matched:1.
Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.

五蠹

Books referencing 《五蠹》 Library Resources
8 五蠹:
儒以文亂法,俠以武犯禁,而人主兼禮之,此所以亂也。夫離法者罪,而諸先生以文學取;犯禁者誅,而群俠以私劍養。故法之所非,君之所取;吏之所誅,上之所養也。法趣上下四相反也,而無所定,雖有十黃帝不能治也。故行仁義者非所譽,譽之則害功;文學者非所用,用之則亂法。楚之有直躬,其父竊羊而謁之吏,令尹曰:「殺之,」以為直於君而曲於父,報而罪之。以是觀之,夫君之直臣,父之暴子也。魯人從君戰,三戰三北,仲尼問其故,對曰:「吾有老父,身死莫之養也。」仲尼以為孝,舉而上之。以是觀之,夫父之孝子,君之背臣也。故令尹誅而楚姦不上聞,仲尼賞而魯民易降北。上下之利若是其異也,而人主兼舉匹夫之行,而求致社稷之福,必不幾矣。古者蒼頡之作書也,自環者謂之私,背私謂之公,公私之相背也,乃蒼頡固以知之矣。今以為同利者,不察之患也。然則為匹夫計者,莫如脩行義而習文學。行義脩則見信,見信則受事;文學習則為明師,為明師則顯榮;此匹夫之美也。然則無功而受事,無爵而顯榮,為有政如此,則國必亂,主必危矣。故不相容之事,不兩立也。斬敵者受賞,而高慈惠之行;拔城者受爵祿,而信廉愛之說;堅甲厲兵以備難,而美薦紳之飾;富國以農,距敵恃卒,而貴文學之士;廢敬上畏法之民,而養遊俠私劍之屬。舉行如此,治強不可得也。國平養儒俠,難至用介士,所利非所用,所用非所利。是故服事者簡其業,而游學者日眾,是世之所以亂也。

Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.