Follow us on Facebook to receive important updates Follow us on Twitter to receive important updates Follow us on sina.com's microblogging site to receive important updates Follow us on Douban to receive important updates
Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version
Show statistics Edit searchSearch details:
Scope: 五帝 Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: Contains text "舜以土德王色尚青" Matched:1.
Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.

五帝

Library Resources
1 五帝:
季康子问于孔子曰:“旧闻五帝之名,而不知其实,请问何谓五帝?”孔子曰:“昔丘也闻诸老聃曰:‘天有五行,木、火、金、水、土,分时化育,以成万物,其神谓之五帝。’古之王者,易代而改号,取法五行,五行更王,终始相生,亦象其义。故其为明王者,而死配五行。是以太皞配木,炎帝配火,黄帝配土,少皞配金,颛顼配水。”康子曰:“太皞氏其始之木何如?”孔子曰:“五行用事,先起于木。木、东方。万物之初皆出焉。是故王者则之,而首以木德王天下。其次则以所生之行、转相承也。”康子曰:“吾闻勾芒为木正,祝融为火正,蓐收为金正,玄冥为水正,后土为土正。此则五行之主而不乱。称曰帝者何也?”夫子曰:“凡五正者,五行之官名。五行佐成上帝,而称五帝,太皞之属配焉。亦云帝,从其号。昔少皞氏之子有四叔,曰重,曰该,曰修,曰熙。实能金木及水,使重为勾芒,该为蓐收,修及熙为玄冥。颛顼氏之子曰黎,为祝融。龚工氏之子曰勾龙,为后土。此五者各以其所能业为官职,生为上公,死为贵神,别称五祀,不得同帝。”康子曰:“如此之言,帝王改号,于五行之德,各所统。则其所以相变者,皆主何事?”孔子曰:“所尚则各从其所王之德次焉。夏后氏以金德王而尚黑,大事敛用昏,戎事乘骊,牲用玄。殷人以水德,尚白,大事敛用日中,戎事乘翰,牲用白。周人以木德王,尚赤,大事敛用日出,戎事乘騵,牲用騂。此三代之所以不同。”康子曰:“唐、虞二帝,其所尚者何色?”孔子曰:“尧以火德王,色尚黄。舜以土德王,色尚青。”康子曰:“陶唐、有虞、夏后、殷、周独不得配五帝,意者德不及上古耶?将有限乎?”孔子曰:“古之平治水土及播殖百谷者众矣,唯勾龙兼食于社,而弃为稷神,易代奉之,无敢益者,明不可与等。故自太皞以降,逮于颛顼,其应五行而王,数非徒五,而配五帝,是其德不可以多也。”

Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.