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Scope: Agriculture and War Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: Contains text "今上論材能知慧而任之則知慧之人希主好惡使官制物以適主心" Matched:1.
Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.

農戰 - Agriculture and War

English translation: J. J. L. Duyvendak [?] Library Resources
5 農戰:
今上論材能知慧而任之,則知慧之人希主好惡使官制物,以適主心。是以官無常,國亂而不壹,辯說之人而無法也。如此,則民務焉得無多,而地焉得無荒?
Agriculture and War:
However, nowadays, the ruler, in his appointments, takes into consideration talent and ability and cleverness and intelligence, and thus clever and intelligent men watch for the likes and dislikes of the ruler, so that officials are caused to transact their business in a way which is adapted to the ruler's mind. As a result there is no consistency of conduct in the officials, the state is in disorder and there is no concentration. Sophists (are honoured) and there is no law. Under such circumstances, how can the people's affairs be otherwise than many and how can the land be otherwise than fallow?
詩、書、禮、樂、善、修、仁、廉、辯、慧,國有十者,上無使守戰。國以十者治,敵至必削,不至必貧。國去此十者,敵不敢至;雖至,必卻;興兵而伐,必取;按兵不伐,必富。國好力者,曰「以難攻」,以難攻者必興;好辯者,曰「以易攻」,以易攻者必危。故聖人明君者,非能盡其萬物也,知萬物之要也。故其治國也,察要而已矣。
If, in a country, there are the following ten things: odes and history, rites and music, virtue and the cultivation thereof, benevolence and integrity, sophistry and intelligence, then the ruler has no one whom he can employ for defence and warfare. If a country is governed by means of these ten things, it will be dismembered as soon as an enemy approaches, and even if no enemy approaches, it will be poor. But if a country banishes these ten things, enemies will not dare to approach, and even if they should, they would be driven back. When it mobilizes its army and attacks, it will gain victories; when it holds the army in reserve and does not attack, it will be rich. A country that loves strength makes assaults with what is difficult, and thus it will be successful. A country that loves sophistry makes assaults with what is easy, and thus it will be in danger. Therefore sages and intelligent princes are what they are, not because they are able to go to the bottom of all things, but because they understand what is essential in all things. Therefore the secret of their administration of the country lies in nothing else than in their examination of what is essential.

Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.