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Chinese Text Project
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Scope: Establishing Laws Request type: Paragraph
Condition 1: Contains text "故爵祿之所道存亡之機也" Matched:1.
Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.

錯法 - Establishing Laws

English translation: J. J. L. Duyvendak [?] Library Resources
1 錯法:
臣聞古之明君,錯法而民無邪,舉事而材自練,行賞而兵強,此三者治之本也。夫錯法而民無邪者,法明而民利之也。舉事而材自練者,功分明;功分明則民盡力,民盡力則材自練。行賞而兵強者,爵祿之謂也;爵祿者,兵之實也。是故人君之出爵祿也,道明;道明,則國日強;道幽,則國日削。故爵祿之所道,存亡之機也。夫削國亡主,非無爵祿也,其所道過也。三王五霸,其所道不過爵祿,而功相萬者,其所道明也。是以明君之使其臣也,用必出於其勞,賞必加於其功。功賞明,則民競於功。為國而能使其民盡力以競於功,則兵必強矣。
Establishing Laws:
I have heard that when the intelligent princes of antiquity established laws, the people were not wicked; when they undertook an enterprise, the required ability was practised spontaneously; when they distributed rewards, the army was strong. These three principles were the root of government. Indeed, why people were not wicked, when laws were established, was because the laws were clear and people profited by them; why the required ability was practised spontaneously, when an enterprise was undertaken, was because merits were clearly defined; and because these were clearly defined, the people exerted their forces; and this being so, the required ability was spontaneously practised; why the army was strong when rewards were distributed refers to titles and emoluments. Titles and emoluments are the goal of a soldier's ambition. Therefore, the principle on which princes distributed titles and emoluments was clear; when this was clear, the country became daily stronger, but when it was obscure, the country became daily weaker. Therefore, the principle on which titles and emoluments are distributed is the key to the state's preservation or ruin. The reason why a country is weak or a prince is ruined is not that there are no titles or emoluments, but that the principles followed therein are wrong. The principle followed by the Three Kings and the five Lords Protector was no other than that of giving titles and emoluments, and the reason that people emulated each other in merit was because the principles which they followed were clear. Thus the way in which intelligent princes utilized their ministers was that their employment was made dependent on the work which they had done, and rewards were bestowed on the merits which they had acquired. When the relation between merit and reward was clear, then the people emulated each other in merit. If, in administering a state, one succeeds in causing the people to exert their strength so that they emulate each other in merit, then the army will certainly be strong.

Total 1 paragraphs. Page 1 of 1.