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Chinese Text Project
Simplified Chinese version
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《汤誓 - Speech of Tang》

English translation: James Legge [?]
Books referencing 《汤誓》 Library Resources
汤誓:
伊尹相汤伐桀,升自陑,遂与桀战于鸣条之野,作《汤誓》。

1 汤誓:
王曰:“格尔众庶,悉听朕言,非台小子,敢行称乱!有夏多罪,天命殛之。今尔有众,汝曰:‘我后不恤我众,舍我穑事而割正夏?’予惟闻汝众言,夏氏有罪,予畏上帝,不敢不正。今汝其曰:‘夏罪其如台?’夏王率遏众力,率割夏邑。有众率怠弗协,曰:‘时日曷丧?予及汝皆亡。’夏德若兹,今朕必往。”
Speech of Tang:
The king said, 'Come, ye multitudes of the people, listen all to my words. It is not I, the little child, who dare to undertake a rebellious enterprise; but for the many crimes of the sovereign of Xia, Heaven has given the charge to destroy him. Now, ye multitudes, you are saying, "Our prince does not compassionate us, but (is calling us) away from our husbandry to attack and punish Xia." I have indeed heard (these) words of you all; (but) the sovereign of Xia is guilty, and as I fear God, I dare not but punish him. Now you are saying, "What are the crimes of Xia to us?" The king of Xia in every way exhausts the strength of his people, and exercises oppression in the cities of Xia. His multitudes are become entirely indifferent (to his service), and feel no bond of union'(to him). They are saying, "When wilt thou, O sun, expire? We will all perish with thee." Such is the course of (the sovereign) of Xia, and now I must go (and punish him).'

2 汤誓:
“尔尚辅予一人,致天之罚,予其大赉汝!尔无不信,朕不食言。尔不从誓言,予则孥戮汝,罔有攸赦。”
Speech of Tang:
'Assist, I pray you, me, the One man, to carry out the punishment appointed by Heaven. I will greatly reward you. On no account disbelieve me - I will not eat my words. If you do not obey the words which I have thus spoken to you, I will put your children to death with you - you shall find no forgiveness.'

3 汤誓:
汤既胜夏,欲迁其社,不可。作《夏社》、《疑至》、《臣扈》。

4 汤誓:
夏师败绩,汤遂从之,遂伐三朡,俘厥宝玉。谊伯、仲伯作《典宝》。

URN: ctp:shang-shu/speech-of-tang