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《太子宾客》

Library Resources
1 太子宾客:
汉高帝时,有四人年老,以上慢侮,逃匿山中,义不为汉臣,谓之四皓。东园公、绮里季、夏黄公、角里先生。高帝不能致。及将废太子,太子迎四人至,侍从太子,须眉皓白,衣冠甚伟。高帝既见,曰:“烦公幸卒护太子。”太子由是不废。至孝武帝,又为太子立博望苑,使通宾客。晋元康元年,愍怀太子始之东宫,惠帝诏曰:“遹幼蒙,今出止东宫,虽赖师傅群贤之训,其游处左右,宜得正人,能相长益者。太保卫瓘息庭,司空陇西王泰息略,太子太傅杨济息毖,太子少师裴楷息宪,太子少傅华廙息恒,各道义之门,有不肃之训。其令五人更往来与太子习数,备宾友也。”其时虽非官,而谓之东宫宾客,皆选文义之士,以侍储皇。其后无闻。大唐显庆元年正月,以左仆射兼太子少师于志宁兼太子太傅,侍中韩瑗、中书令来济、礼部尚书许敬宗,并为皇太子宾客,遂为官员,定置四人。掌调护侍从规谏。凡太子有宾客之事,则为上齿,盖取象于四皓焉。资位闲重,其流不杂。天宝中,贺知章自太子宾客度为道士,还乡,舍宅为观。玄宗赋诗赠别,时议荣之。

URN: ctp:n553630