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《皇后諡及夫人諡议》

Library Resources
1 皇后諡及... :
国妃命妇附○东晋

2 皇后諡及... :
白虎通云:“后夫人諡,臣子共于庙定之。”或曰:出之于君,然后加之,妇人天夫,故由君而已。妇人本无外事,是故不于郊。五经通义云:“妇人以随从为义,夫贵于朝,妇贵于室,故得蒙夫之諡。”或曰:文王之妃曰文母,宋恭公妻恭姬是也。又云:“夫人无爵故无諡。或曰夫人有諡。夫人一国之母,修闺门之内,则下以化之,故设諡章其善恶。公羊曰:葬宋恭姬,称其諡,贤之也。卿大夫妻,命妇也,无諡者,以贱也。妾无諡,亦以卑贱,无所能与,犹士卑小不得諡也。”

3 皇后諡及... :
东晋穆帝时,彭城国上言,为太妃李求諡。太常王彪之以为:“由于妇人无爵,既从夫爵,则己无实爵,以从为称也。以从为称,则无諡可知。春秋妇人有諡者,周末礼坏耳。故服虔注声子之諡‘非礼也’。杜氏注惠公仲子,亦云‘非礼,妇人无諡’。泰始以来,藩国王妃无有諡者,中兴,敬后登祚乃追諡耳。琅琊武王诸葛妃、恭王夏侯妃,元帝犹抑蒸蒸之至,不追諡,今彭城太妃不应諡。”

URN: ctp:n557714