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《三朝上寿有乐议》

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1 三朝上寿... :
礼记但有献酬,无上寿文。唯诗雅云:“武拜稽首,天子万寿。”豳风云:“为此春酒,以介眉寿。”虽非灼然明文,要是仿佛其事。古者诗工皆歌之,故可得而言也。汉兴,叔孙通定礼仪。七年,长乐宫成,诸侯朝,礼毕,复置法酒,侍坐殿上皆伏,以尊卑次起上寿。汉故事“上寿四会曲”,注言“但有钟鼓,而无歌诗”。魏初作四会,有琴筑,但无诗。雅乐郎郭琼云:“明帝青龙二年,以长笛食举第十二古大置酒曲代四会,又易古诗名曰羽觞,行用为上寿曲,施用最在前,鹿鸣以下十二曲名食举乐,而四会之曲遂废。”汉故事、邓、吴及琼等食举之曲,与时增损。张华上雅乐诗表云:“魏上寿、食举诗及汉氏所施用,其文句长短不齐,皆未合于古雅。”汉故事则云“上寿四会曲”,华亦言有歌辞,其注当是阙文。晋代歌诗,傅玄述具存。

URN: ctp:n560615