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-> -> -> -> 审敌势破之

《审敌势破之》

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大唐卫公李靖兵法曰:“凡事有形同而势异者,亦有势同而形别者。若顺其可,则一举而功济;如从未可,则蹔动而必败。故孙膑曰:‘计者,因其势而利导之。’兵法曰:‘百里而趋利,则蹶上将;五十里而趋利者,半至。’善动敌者,形之而敌从之,与之而敌取之,以奇动之,以本待之,此战势之要术也。若我士卒已齐,法令已行,奇正已设,置阵已定,誓众已毕,上下已怒,天时已应,地利已据,鼓角已震,风势已顺,敌人虽众,其奈我哉!譬虎之有牙,兕之有角,身不蔽捍,手无寸刃,而欲搏之,势不可触,其亦明矣。故兵有三势,一曰气势,二曰地势,三曰因势。若将勇轻敌,士卒乐战,三军之众,志厉青云,气等飘风,声如雷霆,此所谓气势也。若关山狭路,大阜深涧,龙蛇盘阴,羊肠狗门,一夫守险,千人不过,此所谓地势也。若因敌怠慢,劳役饥渴,风波惊扰,将吏纵横,前营未舍,后军半济,此所谓因势也。若遇此势,当潜我形,出其不意,用奇设伏,乘势取之矣。是以良将用兵,审其机势,而用兵气,仍须鼓而怒之,感而勇之,赏而劝之,激而扬之,若鸷鸟之攫,猛兽之搏,必修其牙距,度力而下,远则气衰而不及,近则形见而不得。故良将之战,必整其三军,砺其锋甲,设其奇伏,量其形势。遥则力疲而不及,近则敌知而不应。若不通此机,乃智不及于鸟兽,亦何能取胜于勍寇乎。乃须怒士励众,使之奋勇,故能无强阵于前,无坚城于外。以弱胜强,必因势也。”

URN: ctp:n561390