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《仲虺之誥》

Library Resources
1 仲虺之誥:
問:「仲虺之誥似未見其釋湯慚德處。」曰:「正是解他。云:『若苗之有莠,若粟之有秕』,他緣何道這幾句?蓋謂湯若不除桀,則桀必殺湯。如說『推亡固存處』,自是說伐桀。至『德日新』以下,乃是勉湯。又如『天乃錫王勇智』,他特地說『勇智』兩字,便可見。尚書多不可曉,固難理會。然這般處,古人如何說得恁地好!如今人做時文相似。」夔孫

2 仲虺之誥:
問:「禮義本諸人心,惟中人以下為氣稟物欲所拘蔽,所以反著求禮義自治。若成湯,尚何須『以義制事,以禮制心』?」曰:「『湯武反之也』,便也是有些子不那底了。但他能恁地,所以為湯。若不恁地,便是『惟聖罔念作狂』。聖人雖則說是『生知安行』,便只是常常恁地不已,所以不可及。若有一息不恁地,便也是凡人了。」問:「舜『由仁義行』,便是不操而自存否?」曰:「這都難說。舜只是不得似眾人恁地著心,自是操。」賀孫

URN: ctp:n596077