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卷二十七

74
弼   鄁武庚之封漕是一作漕今滑之白马有鄁水即妹之邦纣所城一作晋有霍叔尹之见诗谱邶霍叔尹之墉管叔尹之卫蔡叔尹之曰三监孔氏以管蔡商为三监霍有不预班固从之非也武庚得为监以蔡仲之命考之郑为是武庚之封乃纣之都在邶境也东卫南墉北邶邶墉亡于春秋前故有诗樵云中卫南墉东邶伯邶云南邶东墉北卫俱非史周公诛三监尽以其地封康叔谱谓庸叔子孙强兼二国亦妄邶诗言亦从其流则在北也墉   楚丘城是今卫之汲东北十三有故墉城新乡镇西南三十二或云楚丘城在澶之卫南西北七里有墉水出宜苏山其后东徙野处漕邑而云在彼中河则卫东矣卫   曰曹曰卫以在畿域分曹遮卫冯翊扶风之义也三国以淇为分墉云送我于淇卫云送子涉淇而邶云亦流于淇地俗异也苏文忠曰武王非圣人也夫手钺其君而国其子使三叔监之是岂得已邪使武庚而非人也则必不叛假二叔憃而非亲也亦岂至于助逆乃一亟而悉诛之子瞻之言刘知几之说也郑厚本此而学者诽之知几曰武庚合谋二叔徇节三监君亲之怨不忘臣子之心可察稽之名教生死无慙而论者以其无成即以顽民为目若少康子胥不幸而败则亦肆迹丑徒窜名逆息邪武庚纣之长子也武王又己国之而大诰乃曰殷小腆诞敢纪其序曰予复则庚之事可知矣讵可以此为之罪哉或以春秋之法君弑而贼不讨则深责其国之无臣子论庚尤非类方武王之诛纣也三年殴蜚亷于海隅而僇之灭国者五十此皆助纣者也纣虽不善然犹有助国与若林之旅如此而乃死之南单之台而分天之明知微子之贤不立乃贪于武庚之不肖而立之复疑于此而以三叔监之是诚何心哉夫以汹汹之商而辅之以三憃此武王之失策也乡使克商之后舍武庚求微子以世祀虽无三监吾知商人之不反矣立微子于商退即诸臣之位以聴天命之所属彼天下之势既一去而不可反人心已离而不可挽则虽以𤣥徳之贤决不能挟区区之商以令我夫然后之中国践金戺而朝诸侯俾天下后世知吾心之不利商则虽三圣之授受不是过矣惜乎武王之志荒也书曰武王胜商杀纣淮南子云武王杀纣于宣室或曰杀纣非周人荀子云武王伐纣选马而进厌旦散之而纣卒易乡遂乗商人而进诛纣是以为商人杀之是圣人不信也不知乗商人者谁欤乃周人也易乡者前徒之攻于后者也荀子曰武王诛纣断其首悬之赤斾周人尚赤所谓大赤太史徒尼书言右秉白旄因谓悬之太白尔孔氏欲明武王不杀纣谓纣之自焚也史迁本纪谓武王以戎车驰商师商师大崩帝辛奔内登廪台屏遮自燔于火武王手太白麾诸侯进拜王揖之入王所射之三发下车撃以轻劒折之悬之太白其事本见汲书故頴达以为死而斩之且死而斩之则生必不释之矣殷纣有三说或曰罪浮于桀或曰不共戴天或曰纣多智不杀则必有扶之以叛如武庚者尸子云武王亲射恶来之目斩商纣之头手污于血当此之时犹猛兽者汤不杀桀也故邵雝云下放一等则至于杀其说如是君子曰武未尽善又曰义士犹或诽之谓之义士则不义有所尸矣或曰孔子殷人也于武王犹有憾然而居周也故于夷齐数致意焉曰否是无义无命也汉武帝时既封周子南君求殷之后絶不能祀丞相衡曰王者存二后所以尊先王通三统也其罪絶者更封他亲以承其始今宋已失统宜立殷后非当继宋乞以孔子世为汤后不幸事废逮孝成时九江梅福更以为言始以诸经相明録其后世为殷绍嘉公微三郿  子爵本扶风合阳今岐之郿县有郿乡纣徙畿内则在聊城十道志今故城在潞东北寰宇记微子城在潞东北三十里九域志愽州有㣲子城或云在鲁今徐沛东南微山有微子冢非也亦曰郿庄筑郿公羊作微杜云鲁下邑璠云㣲子国东平夀张西北三十有微乡宋   古商邱火正遏伯之虚相土因之汉睢阳随为宋城今南京治县西南十二有微子冢庙五陨石

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