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Scope: 淮南鸿烈解
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圣人在上则民乐其治在下则民慕其意人在上位如寝关曝纩寝谓卧关上之不纩茧也曝茧踊动不休死乃止也不得须臾宁故易曰乘马班如泣连如谕乘马班如难也故有泣血之忧言小人处非其位可长也物莫无所不用天雄乌喙药之凶也良医以活人侏儒瞽师人之困慰者也蹶也一曰慰极人主以备乐是故圣人制其剟材所不用矣剟䟽杀也勇士一呼三军皆辟其出也诚故倡而不和意而不戴意患声也戴嗟中心有不合者也故舜不降席而王天下者求己也故上多故则民多诈矣身曲而景直未之闻也说之所不至者容貌至焉说之不如貌精微入人深也容貌之所不至者感忽至焉感心明乎智发而成形精之至也可以形势接而不可以照志戎翟之马皆可以驰驱或近或远唯造父能尽其力三苗之民皆可使忠信或贤或不肖唯唐虞能齐其美必有不传者心教之微眇不可传中行缪伯手搏虎中行缪伯晋臣也力能搏生虎也而不能生也力能杀虎而德不能服之盖力优而克不能及也克犹能也用百人之所能则得百人之力举千人之所爱则得千人之心辟若伐树而引其本千枝万叶则莫得弗从也慈父之爱子非为报也不可内解于心圣王之养民非求用也性不能已若火之自热冰之自寒夫有何修焉及恃其力赖其功者若失火舟中言舟中之人同心救火不租相为赐故君子见始斯知终矣媒妁誉人而莫之德也取庸而强饭之莫之爱也虽亲父慈母不加于此有以为则恩不接矣故送往者非所以迎来也施死者非专为生也诚出于己则所动者远矣锦绣登庙贵文也登犹入也圭璋在前尚质也以王祭之者质也文不胜质之谓君子故终年为车无三寸之鎋不可以驱驰匠人斫户无一尺之楗不可以闭藏故君子可斯乎其所结结要终也心之精者可以神化而不可以导人导教目之精者可以消泽而不可以昭昭遁诚也不可以教导戒人在混㝠之中不可谕于人混㝠人心中也故舜不降席而天下治桀不下陛而天下乱盖情甚乎叫呼也言虽叫呼大语不如心行眞直也无诸己求诸人古今未之闻也同言而民信信在言前也同令而民化诚在令外也圣人在上民迁而化情以先之也动于上不应于下者情与令殊也故易曰亢龙有悔仁君动极在上故有悔也三月婴儿未知利害也而慈母之爱谕焉者情也故言之用者昭昭乎小哉不言之用者旷旷乎大哉身君子之言信也身君子之言体行君子之言也中君子之意忠也忠信形于内感动应于外故禹执干戚舞于两阶之间而三苗服三苗畔禹禹风以礼乐而服之也鹰翔川鱼鼈沉禹以德服三苗犹鹰翔川上鱼鼈恐皆潜飞鸟扬鸟见鹰而扬去必远害也鹰怀欲害之心故鸟鱼知其情实故远之子之死父也臣之死君也世有行之者矣非出死以要名也恩心之藏于中而不能违其难也故人之甘甘非正为跖也人之甘甘犹乐乐而为之臣之死君子之死父非以求跖跖也而跖焉往言跖乃往至也君子之惨怛非正为僞形也谕乎人心非从外入自中出者也义尊乎君仁亲乎父故君之于臣也能死生之不能使为苟蕳易君不能使臣为苟合易行之义父之于子也能发起之不能使无忧寻忧寻忧长也仁念也仁念父母不乐子之如此然不能止故义胜君仁胜父则君尊而臣忠父慈而子孝

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