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卷第十六

18
易称知进退存亡而不失其正者其唯圣人乎先生避秦知亡也安刘知存也应孝惠之聘知进也拒髙祖之命知退也四者备矣而正在其中先生非圣而孰为圣乎●其秦乱而不避则焚书坑儒髙斯之流也汉危而不出则素隠行恠巢由之徒也应髙祖之命则溺其冠而●其项矣拒孝恵之聘则功不立而名不称矣引而伸之先生可谓全德者矣甞试论之曰古称周公圣人也鞭伯禽教孺子居摄六年明辟未复而召公不●于内三叔流言于外盛德大业几坠于地吁扶㓜君秉大政之难也有如是哉观乎戚●之嬖如意之宠以妾并后以孽代宗夲根一揺社禝将坠咸谓扶●之赐死胡亥之亡国可翘足而待也何止炎灵之不祀抑亦黔首之罹祸岂无留侯陈八难罢六国则可议主鬯则以水而●石也岂无曲逆间强楚解长平则可言立嫡则圎凿而方枘也先生一出而助之一言而定之汉庭公卿皆出其下而能锱铢锺鼎桎梏衣冠安万乗而不有其功抗匹夫而不食其禄自非至人逹识孰能与于此乎向使先生定汉嗣为汉臣报德议功必在平勃之右当以左辅右弼前疑后丞而处之居是时也以四钜贤事一少帝挟震主之威●不赏之功又何止流言不●之事哉欲望其茹紫芝卧商岭其可得乎是知先生之出非独谋汉也实将救时也先生之退非独全身也亦将矫世也危而护之不宴安于独善可谓救乎时矣定而去之不乗时以聚禄可谓矫乎世矣用是警民犹有建
ctextchar:1670
立顺之徒矣呜呼世之为人臣议废立者可胜道哉或因定䇿而专国或因援立而无吾戕弑凶残何莫由此其后滔天于莾卓盗国于曹马移徙龟鼎易于弈棋累累简编可为太息是以先生危则助之安则去之其来也至公于万民其往也无私于一身前所谓知进退存亡而不失其正者千古四贤而巳或曰周公相成王摄天子功成治定制礼作乐号为先圣歴代仰之岂先生之道过于周公乎愚曰周公乗文武之业知王化可兴故辅之以行道焉先生当暴秦之后知霸道终杂故去之以逺害焉周公圣人之用者先生圣人之晦者但时异而迹殊耳非所谓过手周公者也辛卯𡻕子坐事解制诰职翌日有商于贰使之命下车拜庙西山之侧退立廊庑古碑在焉自唐御史大夫賛皇李公而下作者●干人因歴览之羙则羙矣叙先生之道似有未尽就馆濡笔申之以碑斯文也岂直歌鸿飞状鹤发而巳哉实欲使立朝廷为臣子而挟㓜冲图富贵者闻而知惧亦春秋诛乱臣贼子之旨也其辞曰猗欤先生 时行则行 髙眠商岭 逃难𥘿坑知秦之祚 亡于子婴 知汉之祚 存于惠●一言悟主 万●以贞 不有其功 不食其禄逺害全身 矫世励俗 淸泉洗耳 紫芝充腹猎犬自烹 𡨕鸿不复 矫矫髙节 悠悠后来汉之戾园 𣈆之●怀 江充厚诬 贾后雄猜先生不生 孰为来哉 昬乱之世 废立不巳操欺孤儿 莾抱孺子 成旣自我 权亦归巳先生不生 大事去矣 苍野峩峩 祠荒薜萝遗像斯在 德音可歌 淸风凛凛 素髪皤皤永懐贞遁 刻石山阿

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