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-> -> 御製讀韓非子

《御製讀韓非子》[View] [Edit] [History]

1
昔韓非述管仲之對桓公曰知臣莫如君知子莫如父斯言也予以為非是夫自古及今多有以此言為然者而余以為非是者何盖其君若父果賢耶自能知之而亦無待其臣子及他人之頌使其不賢不能知在他人則是不闗己之謬賛以害人家國設為臣子者亦如是言則是內懐怨懟而仍陷其君若父於不知也即亦桓公屢舉鮑叔牙數人而管仲皆以為不可是果知臣乎桀之於闗龍逢紂之於王子比干亦猶是也瞽䏂之於舜獻公之於申生是果知之乎其類此者不可屈指數余故以為非是蓋不近情之論聼之似是而折衷於理其剌謬不通若是者亦多矣且君子立言將以為萬世法程而不可逞一己之私智以欺世盜名也言治之書莫如典謨一則曰在知人再則曰惟帝其難之使世之為君為父者皆曰我已知臣我已知子誤知子者其害猶不過一家誤知臣者其害將及國與天下是誰作之俑㢤夫自以為不知者或可勉以至有知之日而自以為己知者吾知其為終于不知而已矣
URN: ctp:ws108814

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