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-> -> 御制读韩非子

《御制读韩非子》[View] [Edit] [History]

1
昔韩非述管仲之对桓公曰知臣莫如君知子莫如父斯言也予以为非是夫自古及今多有以此言为然者而余以为非是者何盖其君若父果贤耶自能知之而亦无待其臣子及他人之颂使其不贤不能知在他人则是不闗己之谬賛以害人家国设为臣子者亦如是言则是内懐怨怼而仍陷其君若父于不知也即亦桓公屡举鲍叔牙数人而管仲皆以为不可是果知臣乎桀之于闗龙逢纣之于王子比干亦犹是也瞽䏂之于舜献公之于申生是果知之乎其类此者不可屈指数余故以为非是盖不近情之论聼之似是而折衷于理其剌谬不通若是者亦多矣且君子立言将以为万世法程而不可逞一己之私智以欺世盗名也言治之书莫如典谟一则曰在知人再则曰惟帝其难之使世之为君为父者皆曰我已知臣我已知子误知子者其害犹不过一家误知臣者其害将及国与天下是谁作之俑㢤夫自以为不知者或可勉以至有知之日而自以为己知者吾知其为终于不知而已矣
URN: ctp:ws108814

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