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Scope: 汲冢周书
Condition : Contains text “糿”
Total 4

卷第一

1
天生民而制其度制法度圣人为度小大以正权轻重以极朙本末以立中以立中正制法度所立中以补损补损以知足故故知足也损益以中为爵以明朙等极等尊卑之中也极中也贵贱之极以正民正中外以成命大命成也内外正则正上下以顺政政敎顺其政以内□□□自迩弥兴自逺逺迩备极终也□微补在□□分微在明微分理有明故知精□□□□朙王是以敬微而顺分分次以知和知和以知乐知乐以知哀哀乐以知慧内外以知人所以知人慧者甚明凡民生而有好有恶小得其所好则喜大得其所好则乐小遭其所恶则忧大遭其所恶则哀之自然言其性凡民之所好恶生物是好死物是恶民至有好而不让不从其所好必犯法无以事上争则犯法矣不必让则争民至有恶不让不去其所恶必犯法无以事上徧行于此尚有玩民而况曰以可去其恶而得其所好民能居乎居乎言不能居好恶徧为兼行好恶也能若不□力何以求之争也言力力争则力政力政则无让无让则无礼无礼虽得所好民乐乎不乐争则若不乐乃所恶也凡民不忍好恶不能分次坚以次第忍为持乆不次则夺夺则战战则何以养老糿何以救痛疾死丧何以胥役也也胥相明王是以极等以断好恶敎民次分●举力竟任壮养老长糿有报长之使相报此谓力竟也壮者任之老者养之幼者民是以胥役也夫力竟非衆不尅衆非和不衆以怀和之衆和非中不立中非礼不慎礼非乐不履明王是以无乐非人无哀非人所哀非人也言明王所乐人是以衆人衆赏多罚少政之美也罚多赏少政之恶也罚多则困赏多则乏乏困无丑敎乃不至所厚丑谓是以民主明丑以长子孙子孙习服鸟兽仁德仁德归其土宜天时百物行治所生皆行其物土之所宜天时治之初●𥘉哉治化则顺是故无顺非厉以成顺者也明丑以使之所糿成而生曰顺极言使小人大人皆成其事上之心而生其义顺之至也
1
天有常性人有常顺顺在可变性在不攺变自然故学能故可攺不不攺可因因在好恶好恶生变变习生常常则生丑丑命生德之明丑所以命之则徳生矣虽有天性可因其好恶以变明王于是生政以正之民生而有习有常以习为常以常为慎民若生于中习常为常然故若生于中也习常为常如性自夫习民乃常为自血气始若自其气血生之始也性本所有而糿小习之明王自血气耳目之习以明之丑好恶也示之以丑明乃乐义乐义乃至上上贤而不穷肖之人穷谓不哀乐不淫民知其至而至于子孙民乃有古古者因民以顺民之有古父敎子子皆有经逺之规谓曰因也教孙故夫民群居而无选为政以始之始之以古终之以古慎终选行也言政必敬始行古志今政之至也政维今法维古云云顽贪以凝疑意以两平两以参参伍以权权●以多多难以允允徳以慎慎微以始而敬终乃不始之义重明终困在坌诱在王民乃茍茍乃不明哀乐不时四徴不显六极不服八政不顺九徳有奸九奸不迁万物不至民政之弊吉以坌导夫礼非尅不承非乐不竟民是乏生□好恶有四徴喜乐忧哀动之以则发之以文成之以名行之以化化之也以中道六极命听福赏祸罚六极不嬴无常嬴谓八政和平八政夫妻父子兄弟君臣八政不逆九徳纯恪九徳忠信敬刚柔和固贞顺顺言曰政顺政曰遂遂僞曰姧监物在目监声在耳耳因皆有疑疑言有枢枢动有和和意无等差等等谓万民无法□□在赦□复在古古者明王奉法以明幽幽王奉幽以废法奉则一人也而绩功不同反故也所行相明王是以敬微而顺分

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