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钦定四库全书    经部五
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春秋后传      春秋类提要
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等谨按春秋后传十二卷宋陈傅良撰傅良字君举案傅良或作傅良诸本误有异同然其字曰君举则为傅说举于版祝之义故今定为传字号止斋温州瑞安人乾道八年进士官至中书舎
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人寳谟阁待制諡文节事迹具宋史本传是编有其门人周勉跋称傅良为此书将脱稿而病学者欲速得其书俾佣书传冩其已削者或留其帖于编増入是正者或揭去弗存是今所传已非傅良完本矣赵汸春秋集传自序于宋人说春秋者最推傅良称其以公榖之说参之左氏以其所不书实其所书以其所书推其所不书得学春秋之要在三传后卓然名家而惜其悞以左氏所録为鲁史旧文而不知䇿书有体夫子所据以加笔削者左氏亦未之见左氏书首所载不书之例皆史笔也非笔削之㫖公羊榖梁每难疑以不书𤼵义实与左氏异师陈氏合而求之殊失其本故于左氏所録而经不书者皆以为夫子所笔削则其不合于圣人者亦多云云考左氏为春秋作传非为䇿书作传其所云某故不书者不得经意或有之必以为别𤼵史例似非事寔况不修春秋二条公羊传尚有传闻不应左氏反不见均恐不足为傅良病惟以公榖合左氏为切中其失耳自王弼废象数而谈易者日増自啖助废三传而谈春秋者日盛故解五经者惟易与春秋二家著録独多空言易骋兹亦明效大騐矣傅良于臆说蠭起之日独能根据旧文研求圣人之微㫖楼钥序称其于诸生中择能熟诵三传者三人曰蔡㓜学曰胡宗曰周勉游宦必以一人自随遇有所问其应如响其考究可谓至详又其书虽多出新意而每传之下必注曰此据某说此据某文其徵引可为至博以是立制世之枵腹而谈褒贬者庶有豸乎傅良别有左氏章指三十卷楼钥所序葢兼三书言之朱彛尊经义考注曰未见今永乐大典中尚存梗㮣然亦残阙不能成帙故不复裒録焉乾隆四十一年五月恭校上总纂官纪昀陆锡熊孙士毅总校官陆费墀
URN: ctp:ws128867

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