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148
夬揚于王庭孚號有厲告自邑不利即戎利有攸往夬為卦上兑下乾五陽共決一隂故為夬方小人道長之時機事不密則害成故須鎮靜沉黙未敢揚於王庭未敢號於衆也今以五陽决一隂消長之勢懸絶矣討罪之舉昭然暴白於大廷之上无庸隂謀為也又必至誠肫篤號召同人諭以戒慎恐懼之意其謀之也周其防之也備惟恐一念踈一着緩立遭反噬之禍也漢王允之於郭李唐五王之於武三思宋趙汝愚之於韓胄皆未達孚號有厲之義者也無瑕者可以戮人若自治不嚴則小人得以藉口自邑者私邑也告亦號之之意使吾黨之人莫不恪守法令不以疵累開之也五剛合勢所少者非威武也以強力為武以謀殺為威豈朝廷之福乎漢唐之討小人始於肘掖之間輕以甲兵從事遂至亡家覆國皆未達不利即戎之義者也五陽雖盛而居其下往而後造其極也一隂雖衰而據其上往而後除其本也故曰利有攸往此皆摹倣而得之然𫝊至淡至精畢竟有不可少者如解首句云小人方盛之時君子之道未勝安能顯然以正道決去之故含晦俟時漸圖消之之道今既小人消㣲君子道盛當顯行之於公朝使人明知善惡故云揚於王庭孚信之在中誠意也號者命衆之辭君子之道雖長盛而不敢忘戒備故至誠以命衆使知尚有危道雖以此之甚盛决彼之甚衰若易而无備則有不虞之悔聖人設戒之意深矣如解中二句云君子之治小人以其不善也必以已之善道勝革之故聖人誅亂必先修已舜之敷文徳是也以衆陽之盛決於一隂力固有餘然不可極其剛至於太過太過乃如蒙上九之為冦也戎兵者強武之事不利即戎謂不宜尚壯武也即從也從戎尚武也如解末一句云利有攸往陽雖盛未極乎上隂雖㣲猶有未去是小人尚有存者君子之道有未至也故宜進而往也不尚剛武而其道益進乃夬之善也俱名言可作經國訏謨

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