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Scope: 易酌
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卷七

148
夬扬于王庭孚号有厉告自邑不利即戎利有攸往夬为卦上兑下乾五阳共决一隂故为夬方小人道长之时机事不密则害成故须镇静沉黙未敢扬于王庭未敢号于衆也今以五阳决一隂消长之势悬絶矣讨罪之举昭然暴白于大廷之上无庸隂谋为也又必至诚肫笃号召同人谕以戒慎恐惧之意其谋之也周其防之也备惟恐一念踈一着缓立遭反噬之祸也汉王允之于郭李唐五王之于武三思宋赵汝愚之于韩胄皆未达孚号有厉之义者也无瑕者可以戮人若自治不严则小人得以藉口自邑者私邑也告亦号之之意使吾党之人莫不恪守法令不以疵累开之也五刚合势所少者非威武也以强力为武以谋杀为威岂朝廷之福乎汉唐之讨小人始于肘掖之间轻以甲兵从事遂至亡家覆国皆未达不利即戎之义者也五阳虽盛而居其下往而后造其极也一隂虽衰而据其上往而后除其本也故曰利有攸往此皆摹仿而得之然𫝊至淡至精毕竟有不可少者如解首句云小人方盛之时君子之道未胜安能显然以正道决去之故含晦俟时渐图消之之道今既小人消㣲君子道盛当显行之于公朝使人明知善恶故云扬于王庭孚信之在中诚意也号者命衆之辞君子之道虽长盛而不敢忘戒备故至诚以命衆使知尚有危道虽以此之甚盛决彼之甚衰若易而无备则有不虞之悔圣人设戒之意深矣如解中二句云君子之治小人以其不善也必以已之善道胜革之故圣人诛乱必先修已舜之敷文徳是也以衆阳之盛决于一隂力固有馀然不可极其刚至于太过太过乃如蒙上九之为冦也戎兵者强武之事不利即戎谓不宜尚壮武也即从也从戎尚武也如解末一句云利有攸往阳虽盛未极乎上隂虽㣲犹有未去是小人尚有存者君子之道有未至也故宜进而往也不尚刚武而其道益进乃夬之善也俱名言可作经国吁谟

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