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Scope: 禹貢錐指
Condition : Contains text 「壄」
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禹貢錐指卷11

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[《傳》曰:此二山連延,東北接碣石而入滄海,《正義》曰:《地理誌》雲:太行山在河內山陽縣西北。恒山在常山上曲陽縣西北。太行去恒山太遠,恒山去碣石又遠,故云此二山連延,東北接碣石而入滄海也。渭按:山陽今為河南懷慶府之修武縣,其故城在縣西北。上曲陽今為直隸真定府定州之曲陽縣,其故城在縣西。《地理志》,河南王縣西北有太行山。山陽縣北有東太行山。王今為河內縣,其故城即今懷慶府治。《孔疏》引山陽而遺王,非也。恒山北岳在今曲陽縣西北。碣石見《冀州》。海在碣石之東,逾河為禹渡河,則入海亦禹涉海也。]
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太行,《列子》作太形,則「行」讀如字亦可。故陸氏兼存之。太行一名五行山。《淮南子》:武王欲築宮於五行之山。高誘注云:太行山也。《河圖括地象》曰:太行,天下之脊。《漢志》以在王者為太行,而在山陽者為東太行,其太行之支峰乎。又上黨郡有上黨關、壺口關、石研關、。天井關,壺關縣有羊腸阪,蓋皆在太行山上。《括地志》:太行山在河內縣北二十五里,南屬懷州,北屬澤州。《隋志》丹川縣有太行山。《元和志》云:在晉城孫南四十里。《通典》云:澤州晉城縣,漢曰高都,隋曰丹川,有天井關在南太行山上。又潞州壺關縣有羊腸阪,王莽命左威將軍王嘉曰「羊頭之阨,當燕、趙」即此也。《括地志》云:河內縣北有羊腸阪。《元和志》云:太行陘在懷州北,闊三步,長四十里,羊腸所經,瀑布縣流,實為險隘。今按蔡澤謂應侯決羊腸之險,塞太行之道。劉歆《遂初賦》曰:馳太行之險峻,入天井之高關。曹孟德《樂府詩》曰:北上太行山,艱哉何巍巍。羊腸阪詰屈,車輪為之摧。則太行亙絕東西,天井、羊腸為道路之險阨可知矣。又按《金史地理志》云:濟源縣有太行山,以沁水為界,西為王屋,東為太行。則此山實起於濟源,蓋自河南懷慶府入山西澤州,迤而東北,跨陵川、壺關、平順、潞城、黎城、武鄉、遼州、和順、平定、樂平,以及河南之輝縣、武安,直隸之井陘、獲鹿諸州縣界中,皆有太行山,延袤千餘里焉。林少穎曰:太行在今懷州之北,連亙數州,為河北脊,以接恒岳。程子謂太行千里片石,眾山皆石上起爾。《朱子語錄》曰:太行山一千里,河北諸州皆旋其趾。潞州上黨在山脊最高處,過河便見太行在半天,如黑雲然。

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