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Scope: 禹贡锥指
Condition : Contains text “壄”
Total 4

禹贡锥指卷11

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[《传》曰:此二山连延,东北接碣石而入沧海,《正义》曰:《地理志》云:太行山在河内山阳县西北。恒山在常山上曲阳县西北。太行去恒山太远,恒山去碣石又远,故云此二山连延,东北接碣石而入沧海也。渭按:山阳今为河南怀庆府之修武县,其故城在县西北。上曲阳今为直隶真定府定州之曲阳县,其故城在县西。《地理志》,河南王县西北有太行山。山阳县北有东太行山。王今为河内县,其故城即今怀庆府治。《孔疏》引山阳而遗王,非也。恒山北岳在今曲阳县西北。碣石见《冀州》。海在碣石之东,逾河为禹渡河,则入海亦禹涉海也。]
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太行,《列子》作太形,则「行」读如字亦可。故陆氏兼存之。太行一名五行山。《淮南子》:武王欲筑宫于五行之山。高诱注云:太行山也。《河图括地象》曰:太行,天下之脊。《汉志》以在王者为太行,而在山阳者为东太行,其太行之支峰乎。又上党郡有上党关、壶口关、石研关、。天井关,壶关县有羊肠阪,盖皆在太行山上。《括地志》:太行山在河内县北二十五里,南属怀州,北属泽州。《隋志》丹川县有太行山。《元和志》云:在晋城孙南四十里。《通典》云:泽州晋城县,汉曰高都,隋曰丹川,有天井关在南太行山上。又潞州壶关县有羊肠阪,王莽命左威将军王嘉曰「羊头之厄,当燕、赵」即此也。《括地志》云:河内县北有羊肠阪。《元和志》云:太行陉在怀州北,阔三步,长四十里,羊肠所经,瀑布县流,实为险隘。今按蔡泽谓应侯决羊肠之险,塞太行之道。刘歆《遂初赋》曰:驰太行之险峻,入天井之高关。曹孟德《乐府诗》曰:北上太行山,艰哉何巍巍。羊肠阪诘屈,车轮为之摧。则太行亘绝东西,天井、羊肠为道路之险厄可知矣。又按《金史地理志》云:济源县有太行山,以沁水为界,西为王屋,东为太行。则此山实起于济源,盖自河南怀庆府入山西泽州,迤而东北,跨陵川、壶关、平顺、潞城、黎城、武乡、辽州、和顺、平定、乐平,以及河南之辉县、武安,直隶之井陉、获鹿诸州县界中,皆有太行山,延袤千馀里焉。林少颖曰:太行在今怀州之北,连亘数州,为河北脊,以接恒岳。程子谓太行千里片石,众山皆石上起尔。《朱子语录》曰:太行山一千里,河北诸州皆旋其趾。潞州上党在山脊最高处,过河便见太行在半天,如黑云然。

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