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Scope: 華陽國志
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卷第十二

3
巴蜀厥初開國載在書籍或因文緯或見史記久逺𨼆沒寔多踈略及周之丗侯伯擅威雖與牧野之師希同
ctextchar:7083
要之㑹而秦資其冨用兼天下漢祖階之奄有四海梁益及晉兮益為寜司馬相如嚴君平●子雲陽成子玄鄭伯邑尹彭城譙常侍任給事等各集傳記以作本紀略舉其隅其次聖稱賢仁人志士言為丗範行為表則者名挂史録而陳君承祚別為耆●始漢及魏煥乎可●然三州土地不復悉載地理志頗言山水歷代轉久郡縣分建地名改易扵以居然辨物知方猶未詳僃于時漢晉方隆官司星列提封圖簿歲集司●故人君學士䕃髙堂翳帷幙足綜物土不必待本紀矣曩遭阨運凾夏滔堙李氏據蜀兵連戰結三州傾墜生民殱盡府●化為狐狸之窟城郭蔚為熊羆之宿宅逰雉鹿田棲虎豹平原鮮麥黍之苗千里蔑雞狗之響丘城蕪邑莫有名者嗟乎三州近為●裔桒梓之域曠為長野反側惟之心若焚灼懼益遐棄城陴靡聞乃考諸●紀先𪧐𫠦傳并南裔志驗以漢書●其近是及自𫠦聞以著斯篇又畧言公孫述蜀書咸熈以來䘮亂之事約●𦒿●士女英彦又肇自開闢終乎永和三年凡十篇號曰華陽國記夫書𢍆有五善逹道義章法戒通古今表功勲而後旌賢能恨璩才短少無逺及不早援翰執素廣訪博咨流離困瘵方資腐帛扵顛墻之下求餘光扵灰塵之中劘滅者多故有𫠦闕猶愈扵遺忘焉蜀紀言三皇乘祗車出谷口秦宓曰今之斜谷也及武王伐紂蜀亦從行史記周貞王之十六年秦厲公城南鄭此谷道之通久矣而●者以為蜀王因石牛始通不然也本紀既以炳眀而丗俗間橫有為蜀𫝊者言蜀王𧖟叢之間周迴三千歲又云荆人鼈靈𣦸屍化西上後為蜀帝周萇弘之血變成碧珠杜宇之魄化為子䳌又言蜀椎髻左袵未知書文翁始知書學案蜀紀帝居房心决事參伐參伐則蜀分野言蜀在帝議政之方帝不議政則王氣流扵西故周失紀綱而蜀先王七國皆王蜀又稱帝此則𧖟叢自王杜宇自帝皆周之𠦑丗安得三千歲且太素資始有生必𣦸𣦸終物也自古以來未聞𣦸者能更生當世或遇有之則為恠異子𫠦不言況能為帝王乎碧珠出不一処地之相距動數千里一人之血豈能𦤺此子䳌鳥今云是嶲或曰嶲周去為子嶲鳥故蜀人聞子嶲鳴皆起云今案說文云蜀王望帝媱其相妻慚亡爾雅亦云嶲周子嶲鳥也出蜀中望帝嶲户圭切𫠦言與蜀志𫠦述相似四海有之何必在蜀昔唐帝萬國時雍虞舜光宅八表大禹功濟九州后稷封殖天下井田之制庠序之教由來逺矣孔子曰述而不作信而好古●比扵我老彭則彭祖本生蜀為殷大史夫人為國史作為聖則僊自上丗見稱在昔及周之末服事于秦首為郡縣雖濵戎夷亦有冠冕故蜀紀曰大人之鄊方大人之國也至于漢興反當●服而無書學乎漢書曰郡國之有文學因文翁始若然翁以前齊魯當無文學㢤漢末時漢中祝元靈性滑稽用州牧劉焉談調之末與蜀士燕骨聊著翰墨當時以為極歡後人有以為惑恐此之𩔖必起扵元靈之由也惟智者辨其不然幸也綜其理數或以為西土嶮固衿帶易守丗亂先違道治後服若吳楚然故逋逃必萃姧雄闚覦葢帝王者統天理物必居土中德膺命運非可資能恃險以干常亂紀雖饕竊名號終扵絶宗殄祀何者天命不可以詐詭而邀神器不可以僥倖而●也是以四岳三塗陽城太室九州之險而不一姓冀之北土馬之𫠦産古無典國夫恃險憑危不階曆數而能𫝊國垂丗所未有也故公孫劉氏以敗扵前而諸李踵之覆亡扵後天人之際存亡之術可以為永鑒也干運犯曆破家䘮國可以為京觀也今齊之國志貫之一揆同見不臣𫠦以防狂狡杜姧●以崇春秋敗絶之道也而顯賢能著治亂亦以為奨勸也其序曰

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