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Scope: 画山水赋
Condition : Contains text “舎”
Total 1

画山水赋

1
凡画山水,意在笔先。丈山尺树,寸马豆人,此其格也。逺人无目,逺树无枝,逺山无皴,高与云齐。逺水无波,隐隐似眉,此其式也。山腰云塞,石壁泉塞,楼台树塞,道路人塞,石看三面,路看两蹊,树观顶𩕳,水看岸基,此其法也。凡画山水,尖峭者峰,平夷者岭,峭壁者崖,有宂者岫,悬石者岩,形圆者峦,路通者川,两山夹路者壑,两山夹水者涧,注水者溪,泉通者谷,路下小土山者坡,极目而平者阪,若能辨别此类,则粗知山水之旁佛也。观者先看气象,后辨清浊,分宾主之朝揖,列群峰之威仪,多则乱,少则慢,不多不少要分逺近,逺山不得连近山,逺水不得连近水。山腰回抱,寺观可安,断岸乱堤,小桥可置。有路处人行,无路处林木。岸断处古渡,山断处荒村。水阔处征帆,林宻处店。临岸古木露根而藤纒,临流石岸嵌空而水痕。凡作林木,逺者疏平,近者高宻。有叶者枝柔,无叶者枝硬。松皮如鳞,栢皮纒身。生于土者修长而净直,长于石者拳曲而伶仃。古木节多而半死,寒林扶疏而萧森。春景则雾锁烟笼,树林隐隐,逺水拖蓝,山色堆青。夏景则林木蔽天,緑芜平阪,倚云瀑,行人羽扇,近水幽亭。秋景则水天一色,簌簌疏林,雁横烟塞,芦袅沙汀。冬景则树枝雪压,老樵负薪,渔舟倚岸,水浅沙平,冻云黯淡,酒帘孤村。风雨则不分天地,难辨东西,行人伞笠,渔父蓑衣,有风无雨,但看树枝有雨无风,枝叶垂下。雨霁则云收天碧,山光添翠,网晒斜晖。晓景则千山欲曙,雾霭霏霏,朦胧残月,晓色熹微。暮景则山衔残日,帆卸江湄,路人归急,半掩柴扉,或烟斜雾横,或逺岫云归,或秋江晩渡,或古塜断碑。如此之类,须要笔法布置,更看临期山形,不得犯重树头,不得整齐山,借树为衣,树借山为骨,树不可繁,要见山之秀丽。山不可乱,要显树之精神。若留意于此者,须心会于玄微。

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