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-> -> -> Search for "愐"
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Scope: 困学纪闻
Condition : Contains text “愐”
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33
隋陆法言为《切韵》五卷,后有郭知玄等九人增加。唐孙有《唐韵》,今之《广韵》则本朝景德、祥符重修。今人以三书为一,或谓《广韵》为《唐韵》,非也。鹤山魏氏云:「《唐韵》于二十八删、二十九山之后,继以三十先、三十一仙。今平声分上下,以一先二仙为下平之首,不知『先』字盖自『真』字而来。」愚考徐景安乐书,凡宫为上平、商为下平、角为入、徵为上、羽为去,则唐时平声已分上下矣。米元章云:「五声之音,出于五行自然之理。沈隐侯只知四声,求其宫声不得,乃分平声为二。」然后魏江式曰:「晋吕静仿李登《声类》之法,作《韵集》五卷,宫商角徵羽各为一篇。」则韵分为五,始于吕静,非自沈约始也。约《答陆厥》曰:「宫商之声有五,文字之别累万。以累万之繁,配五声之约,高下低昂,非思力所学。」沈存中云:「梵学入中国,其术渐密。」

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