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Scope: 欒城應詔集
Condition : Contains text 「㬱」
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卷第八

5
臣聞聖人之治天下常使人有孜孜不巳之意下自一介之民與凡百執事之人咸願竭其䈥力以自附於上而上至公●大夫雖其甚尊志得意滿無所求望而亦莫不勞苦其思慮日夜求進而不息至有一沐而三握一飯而三吐食不暇飽臥不暇煖汲汲於事常若有所未足者是以天下之事小大畢舉無所廢敗而上之人可以不勞力而萬事皆理昔者世之隆臣常巳略觀之矣堯舜之時洚水橫流民不粒食事變繁多灾害並興而堯舜之身至於垂拱而無為何者天下之人各為之用力而不辭也至於末世海內乂安四方無虞人生於其間其勢皆有●怠之心各安其所而不願有所興作故天下漸以衰憊而不振詩曰周雖舊邦其命維新夫國之所以至於亡者惟其舊而無以新之歟天下舊而不復新則其事業有所斷而不復續當此之時而不知與之相期於長久不已之道而時作其怠惰之氣則天下之事幾乎息矣嗟夫道路之人使之趨十里而與之百錢則十里而止使之趨百里而與之千錢則百里而止何者所與期者止於十里與百里而其利亦止於此而已今世之士何以異此出於布衣者其志不過一命之祿旣命則忘其布衣之學仕於州縣者其志不過於改官之寵官旣改則喪其州縣之節自是以上因循遞遷十有餘年之間則其勢自至於郡守此不待有所修飾而至者其志極矣幸而其間有欲持自奮厲之心然後其意稍廣而不●自棄於貪汙之黨外自漕●內自臺諫館閣而至于兩制亦又極矣又幸而有求為宰相者則其志又益廣至於宰相而極矣蓋天子之所以使天下慕恱而樂為吾用者下自一命之臣而上至於宰相其節級相次者有四而巳彼其一命者或無望於改官郡守者或無望於兩制兩制者或無望於宰相而為宰相者無所復望則各安於其所而誰肯為天子盡力者且夫世之士大夫如此其衆也仁人君子如此其不少也而臣何敢妄有以詆之哉葢臣聞之方今之人其巳改官者有廉隅節幹之效常不若其在州縣之時而為兩制者其慷●勁挺之操常不若其為漕刑臺諫之日雖其竒才偉人卓然特異不為利變者固不在此而世之為此者亦巳衆矣夫以爵祿而勸天下爵祿巳極則人之怠心生以術使天下則天下之人終身奔走而不知止昔者漢之官吏自縣令而為刺史自刺史而為郡守自郡守而為九●自九●而為三公自下而上至於人臣之極者亦有四而已然當此之時吏久於官而不知厭方今朝廷郡縣之職列級分等不可勝數從其下而為之三歲而一遷至於終身可以無倦矣而人亦各自知其分之所止而淸高顯榮者雖至老死而不可輒入是以在位者懈而不可自奮何者彼能通其君臣之歡坦然其無高下峻絕不可扳援之勢而吾則不然今天下之小臣因其朝見而勞其勤苦丁寧訪問以開導其心志且時擇其尤勤勞者有以賜予之使知朝廷之不甚遠而容有冀於其間上之大吏時召而賜之閒燕與之講論政事而勉之於功名相邀於後世不朽之際與夫子孫皆享其福之利時亦有以督責其●怠弛廢之愆使之有所愧恥於天子之恩意而不倦於事此豈非臣所謂奔走天下之數歟

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