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卷四

34
書直●新安張烈婦荊氏行實後往年或以烈婦荊氏行實視余其兄公張侍御天池所述也義烈動家人衆視其雉經不敢曲止及見侍御叩烈婦平生則其佐夫以養母也凡八年而家人不聞其聲諸嫂皆愛焉其死也嗣子灼幼孩號踊如不欲生嗚呼柔順者婦人之正也而昔者聖人之繋易也以陽剛為女徳之賢余嘗見將死而信其婦之必身殉者曰婦性剛既有成言矣余前知其戾忍而非剛也既而晩節末路乃有不可道者蓋剛者天徳也天地之氣藹然而溫和者為陽慘然而凜慄者為隂凡婦人之順於舅姑宜於家人慈於子姓者皆陽明之發也故其變也激而為義烈其勃谿於舅姑傲狠於娣殘刻於僕婢者皆隂慝之作也故其變也忍為邪惡而不慙夫坤隂之純也順極而健涵焉故其象為馬其用為永貞而象傳掲之曰大終余始入京師見宛平張氏女未嫁而死其夫又其後則長白官爾佳氏飲藥與夫同命聞之審者則清澗白氏夫死夜自經有氣起室中白如長虹與荊氏而四矣婦之殉夫辭事多同故於白氏無紀焉兹以與侍御交具得荆氏之性行而因以悟聖人繫易之由故總所聞見而並論之以明彰女教且使為人夫者監此以考婦徳而無所蔽焉

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