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Scope: 毛詩多識
Condition : Contains text 「蓎」
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毛詩多識卷五

137
毛傳云椒聊椒也鄭箋云椒之性芬香而少實今一梂之實蕃衍滿升非其常也 棫林案阮文達據爾雅朻者聊謂朻與梂同傳文也上當有梂字乃以梂釋聊舊訓聊為語詞非是按阮說極允箋一梂之實即承傳而述言之也爾雅椒樧丑菉莍與梂亦同今本鄭箋訛從手作救 爾雅釋木云檓大椒郭注今椒樹叢生實大者名檓陸疏云椒樹似茱萸有針剌莖葉堅而滑澤蜀人作茶吳人作茗皆合煮其葉以為香今成皋諸山間有椒謂之竹葉椒其樹亦如蜀椒少毒熱不中合藥也可著飲食中又用蒸雞豚最佳香東海諸島亦有椒樹枝葉皆相似子長而不圓甚香其味似橘皮島山獐鹿食此椒葉其肉自然作椒橘香寇氏本草云秦地所產故名秦椒今則處處皆有種之者多雖名曰椒而不呼曰秦有名為秦椒者是草本實似小瓜味最辛生青熟紅與此椒迥異李氏時珍云椒始產於秦今處處可種最易繁衍其葉對生一枝五葉莖葉有剌四月生細花五月結實生青熟紅大於蜀椒其目不及蜀椒光黑也群芳譜云椒一名花椒一名大椒一名檓一名秦椒生秦嶺泰山琅琊間秉五行之精葉青皮紅花黃膜白子黑氣香最易繁衍此物今俗亦呼花椒食品所需種於園圃雖長遠條而無大樹葉如槐而小剌亦對生實如梧子皮色紅而不光潤乾老自裂中銜黑目味辛而香調和羹湯無家不用未見有取此合茗茶者離騷云雜申椒與蘭桂兮又云懷椒糈而要之九歌云奠桂酒兮椒漿九章云折芳椒以自處皆於椒之馨香有取焉邵疏爾雅云本草有秦椒蜀椒兩種蜀椒一名巴椒一名藙秦椒葉及莖子都似蜀椒但味短實細蜀椒高四五尺四月結子無花但生於葉間如小豆顆而圓皮紫赤色此椒江淮及北土皆有之但不及蜀中者肉厚氣味濃耳夫陸氏所謂竹葉椒似今俗所用之胡椒其所謂海島之長粒椒似今藥材中所用之川椒邵氏所謂秦椒蜀椒皆為花椒所謂藙者即茱萸此說文所云椒屬者也禮內則云三牲用藙是古茱萸亦佐烹調之用凡椒味皆辛芳此詩則不取其味之芳而取其實之蕃所以喻沃之盛大蓋言椒為小木今不得忽其為小而已見其遠條矣憂深慮遠忠告之心溢於言外惟遠條故見蕃衍非於實之多少相較量也箋言椒少實似非詩義 棫林案后漢紀注引漢官儀云皇后稱椒房取其蕃實之義又第五倫傳注后妃以椒塗壁取其繁衍多子鄭言少實蓋徒欲以反常為喻而不覺轉失椒性也

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