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Scope: 日本訪書志
Condition : Contains text 「䆫」
Total 1

日本訪書志卷四

15
首有紹興三十二年十二月毛晃表文,目錄前題「衢州免解進士毛晃增注,男進士居正校勘重增」。每半葉十一行,大字行十四字,小字行二十八字。末有「至正乙未仲夏日新書堂重刊」木記。卷內題「今增」者晃所為,題「重增」者居正所為。每卷後有增入、圈出、重增總數,顧無居正序跋,餘所得五、六通皆無之。未知其由。居正父子以博洽名一時,居正有《六經正誤》,今存。今觀其辨別毫釐,徵引博奧,在南宋諸儒中可謂翹楚,而《提要》詆其不知古今文字之別,又不知古今聲韻之殊,摘其「東」字紐下不應增「桐」字,「同」字紐下不應增「重」字,「先」字紐下不應增「西」字,「煙」字紐下不應增「殷」字,謂其不古不今,殊難依據。餘謂此事難言,若謂不應以假借為本文,則《禮部韻》中兩音之字,以假借而分隸,不可勝紀。若謂不應以古音入律詩,則自《廣韻》以來,以至今韻,其中與今俗方音不合者甚多,而今之方音與古音合者,尤難枚舉。毛氏不依附《廣韻》,於舉世不談古音之日,能采取古音以增入此書。可謂特出。獨惜其所采尚未備,不能如吳才老之《韻補》專成一書耳。然古音自顧亭林以來,江、段、孔、王或十部,或十七部,或二十一部,終不能定一尊。若夫古、今文字正俗之別,此又從來所不能畫一者,無論《廣韻》所收之字數倍于《說文》,即元佑之《韻略》,其不合六書者,亦不勝舉。今按,所增大抵音異之字為多,其本為禮部原書所無而增之者,皆《廣韻》所有。唯「沖」下增「沖」字,引《詩》「鑿冰沖々」云:「從冰」,似不免臆說。然「禯」、「穠」並收,「牎」、「」互出,已見於《廣韻》,此孫愐之誤,陸法言當不爾,《禮部韻》亦有之。此又不得專咎毛氏也。

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