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卷三十二

28
浮於淮泗達於汴入於河底柱硤石少華楚㠶越客直抵長樂建章此安社稷之奇策也唐都闗中常運東南之粟然渡淮涉汴每苦水淺上河入渭又有三門之險多置倉轉盤其制屢變晏謂能疏漕道令無梗滯社稷之策也晏賔於東朝猶有官謗晏坐與程元振善罷為太子賔客相公終始故舊不信流言賈誼復召宣室𢎞羊重興功利敢不悉力以答所知驅馬陜郊見三門渠津遺跡開元閒於三門置集倉渠津或當作集津到河隂鞏洛見宇文愷置梁公堰分黄河水入通濟渠隋文帝開皇四年詔宇文愷鑿渠引渭水至潼闗曰廣道渠明年乂開通濟渠自西苑引穀洛水達於河大夫李傑新隄故事御史大夫李傑初為河南尹河汴之間有梁公堰年久毁廢江淮漕運不通傑發汴鄭丁夫以濬之刻石水濵以紀其績飾像河廟凛然如生涉滎郊浚澤遙瞻淮甸步步探討知古人用心則潭衡桂陽必多積穀闗輔汲汲只緣兵糧漕引瀟湘洞庭萬里幾日淪波掛席西指長安三秦之人待此而飽六軍之衆待此而彊天子無側席之憂都人見泛舟之役四方旅拒者可以破膽三河流離者於兹請命相公匡戴明主為富人侯此今之切務不可失也使僕湔洗瑕穢率罄愚懦當慿經義請䕶河隄㝠勤在官不辭水死㝠勤其官而水死然運之利病各有四五焉晏自尹京入為計相晏自河南尹為户郎侍郎共五年矣京師三輔百姓唯苦税畝傷多若使江湖米來每年三二十萬即頓減徭賦歌舞皇澤其利一也東都殘毁百無一存若米運流通則饑人皆附村落邑廛從此滋多命之日引海陵之倉以食鞏洛是計之得者其利二也諸將在邊者諸戎有侵敗王略者或聞三江五湖貢輸紅粒雲㠶桂楫輸納帝鄉軍志曰先聲後實可以震耀夷夏其利三也自古帝王之盛皆云書同文車同軌日月所照莫不率俾今舟車既通商賈來往百貨雜集航海梯山聖神輝光漸近貞觀永徽之盛其利四也所可疑者函陜凋殘東州尤甚過宜陽熊耳至武牢成臯五百里中編户千餘而已居無尺椽人無烟㸑蕭條悽慘獸逰鬼哭牛必羸角輿必說輹棧車輓漕亦不易求今於無人之境興此勞人之運固難就矣其病一也河汴有初不修則毁澱說文澱滓泥也故每年正月發近縣丁男搴長茭決沮淤瓠子歌搴長茭兮沈美玉清明桃花已後逺水自然安流陽侯宓妃皆水神名不復太息頃因寇難搃不掏拓澤滅水岸石崩役夫需於沙津吏旋於濘千里洄上罔水行舟其病二也東垣底柱澠池二陵北河運處五六百里戍卒久絶縣吏空拳奪攘姦宄窟穴囊槖夾河為藪豺狼誾誾舟行所經宼亦能往其病三也東自淮隂西臨蒲阪亘三千里屯戍相望中軍皆鼎司元侯賤卒儀同青紫每云食半菽又云無挾纊輓漕所至船到便留即非單車使折簡書所能制矣其病四也惟小子畢其慮奔走之惟中書詳其利病裁成之晏累年已來事缺名毁聖慈含育特賜生全月餘家居遽即臨遣恩榮感切思殞百身見一水不通願荷挿而先往見一粒不運願負米而先趨焦心苦形期報明主丹誠未尅漕引多虞屛營中流掩泣獻狀載得書盡以漕事委晏晏則疏浚汴水即鹽利雇傭分吏督之随江汴河渭所宜為歇艎支江船自揚州部送至河隂上三門號上門填闕船調巴蜀襄漢麻枲竹篠為綯挽舟以朽索腐材代薪物無棄者未十年人人習河險江船不入汴汴船不入河河船不入渭江南之運積揚州汴河之運積河隂河隂之運積渭口渭船之運入太倉嵗轉粟百一十萬石無升斗溺者

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