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Scope: 禹贡锥指
Condition : Contains text “衤”
Total 1

禹贡锥指卷05

57
《传》云:玄,黑缯;缟,白缯;纤,细也。纤在中,则二物皆当细。渭按:《荆州》「云土梦作乂」。苏氏说云:云、梦,二土名,而云「云土梦」者,古语如此。犹曰玄纤缟云尔。此依《孔传》立义,谓以「土」字关上下,犹以「纤」字关上下也。然文势终觉不顺。曾彦和云:先儒以黑经白纬为纤。徐州之篚,玄也、纤也、缟也,凡三物。释者以玄缟为二物,误矣。渭按:《说文》:缯,帛也。《汉书》灌婴贩缯。《注》云:缯者,帛之总名。则无论疏密厚薄,皆可称缯。《传》云「黑缯、白缯」,未失也。但玄纤连读,不当以「纤」字关上下耳。郑康成《礼记注》:白经赤纬曰缟,黑经白纬曰纤。盖当时别有此一种,织作为祥禫之服,它书所称纤缟,非必尽然也。曾氏据此以释《禹贡》,曰纤缟皆去凶即吉之服。夫祥而缟、覃而纤,三年之丧,变除之节次也。使贡篚专为此设,是岁岁豫凶事矣。有是理乎?参考诸家,总不如颜说之当。

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