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Scope: 海國圖志
Condition : Contains text 「衕」
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卷十九

8
《每月統紀傳》曰:孟買部,在痕都斯坦西南方,其酋部城建於嶼,其嶼初為葡萄亞所屬地,後讓與英國。至順治二年間,英國王以此嶼賜公班衙治理,當時嶼甚荒杳,潮漲水溢,巨浸地也。英人駐三年,水土不服,染病多死。英人勉築堤防,火烈山澤,建磚屋,開衢,招徠流寓,戶口繁滋,其嶼雖磽瘦,終年之產,不足一月之用,卻煙戶十六萬餘,皆恃貿易為業。洋艘七百餘隻,皆往印度西北,及法耳西,阿拉比,及中國各處。所載出藥材、棉花、瑪瑙石等貨。除英國商賈外,有白頭回及法耳西商賈。白頭人本法耳西國之土民,當回教始興,盡力征服四方。不順奉者,必遭刑戮,致令多人往印度避害。其人皆儉約勤作,善貿易,惟崇拜陰陽,每當日出日入之際,叩首敬奉。然其俗好善施濟,扶困持危,惜無人告以福音之真道也。英國在孟買建造戰船,其匠皆白頭人,手藝甚巧。

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