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Scope: 禮書
Condition : Contains text 「丝」
Total 7

卷四

5
周禮司服其齊服有𤣥端素端鄭司農云衣有襦裳者為端鄭康成云變素服言端者明異制端者取其正也士之衣袂皆二尺二寸而屬幅是廣袤等也其袪尺二寸大夫已上侈之侈之者葢半而益一焉半而益一則其袂三尺三寸袪尺八寸正義曰衣袂二尺二寸喪服記文故云衣二尺有二寸注云此謂袂中也言衣者明與身參齊是謂𤣥端之身長二尺二寸今兩邊袂亦各屬一幅幅長二尺二寸上下亦廣二尺二寸故云屬幅廣袤等袤則長也言皆者𤣥端素端二者同也云其袪尺二寸者據玉藻深衣之袪尺二寸而言也云大夫已上侈之侈之者葢半而益一焉半而益一則其袂三尺三寸袪尺八寸者此亦無正文按雜記云凡弁絰服其衰侈袂少牢主婦衣綃衣亦云侈袂侈大也鄭以侈為大即以意為半而益一以解之也孔子大袂單衣亦如此也內則曰子事父母冠緌纓端韠紳端𤣥端士服也玉藻天子𤣥端而朝日於東門之外端當為冕卒食𤣥端而居諸侯𤣥端以祭端亦當為冕朝𤣥端夕深衣謂大夫士也無君者不貳采大夫去位宜服𤣥端衮衣小記除殤之喪者其祭也必𤣥冠𤣥端黃裳而祭不朝服未純吉也於成人為釋襌之服樂記魏文侯問於子夏曰吾端冕而聴古樂則唯恐臥端𤣥衣也雜記曰端衰喪車皆無等喪者衣衰及所乗之車貴賤同衣衰言端者𤣥端吉時常服喪之衣衰當如之子羔之襲素端一公襲卷衣一儀禮士冠緇布冠𤣥端𤣥裳黃裳雜裳可也緇帶爵韠此暮夕於朝之服𤣥端則朝服之衣易其裳耳上士𤣥裳中士黃裳下士雜裳賔如主人服贊者𤣥端從之冠者既冠乃易服服𤣥冠𤣥端爵韠見于君見於鄉大夫鄉先生易服不朝服者非朝事也特牲饋食禮主人冠端𤣥論語公西華曰宗廟之事如㑹同端章甫願為小相焉荀卿曰端衣𤣥裳絻而乗路志不在於食葷大戴禮曰武王端冕而受丹書左氏劉定公曰吾端委以治民臨諸侯禹之力也晏平仲端委以立于虎門晉語董安于曰臣端委以隨宰人周語曰晉侯端委以入武宮韋昭曰此士服也諸侯之子未受爵命服士服也榖梁曰免牲者為之緇衣纁裳有司𤣥端奉送至于南郊僖三十一年呉夷狄之國也被髮文身欲因魯而請冠端而襲襲衣冠端𤣥端鄭氏釋士冠禮謂爵弁純衣衣也餘衣皆用布惟冕與爵弁用耳賈公彥曰此據朝服皮弁服𤣥端服及深衣長衣之等皆布為之是以雜記云朝服十五升布𤣥端亦朝服之類皮弁亦是天子朝服深衣或名麻衣故知用布也
12
弁師五冕皆紐鄭氏曰紐小鼻在武上笄所貫也葢武冠卷也古者居冠屬武則非燕居武不屬於冠也喪冠條屬則非冇喪者纓武異材也鄭氏曰條屬者通屈一條繩若布為武垂下為纓屬之冠子姓之冠縞冠𤣥武不齒之冠𤣥冠縞武則非子姓與不齒者冠武同色也雜記曰委武𤣥縞而后㽔鄭氏謂秦人曰委齊東曰武則武亦謂之委以其若冠之足故曰武以其委於下故曰委葢古者施冠於首然後加武以約之觀喪大記弔者襲裘加武則武之所設所以約冠也紐垂於冕之兩旁其長及武笄以貫之繅鄭氏曰繅雜文之名合五采為之繩垂於延之前後各十二所謂邃延此王者之制也諸侯而下有差
13
弁師掌王之五冕五采繅十有二就皆五采玉繅雜文之名也合五采為之繩垂於延之前後各十二所謂邃延也就成也繩之一匝而貫五采玉十二斿則十二玉也每就間葢一寸朱紘以朱組為紘也紘一條屬兩端於武繅不言皆有不皆者此謂衮衣之冕十二斿則用玉二百八十八鷩衣之冕繅九斿用玉二百一十六毳衣之冕七斿用玉百六十八希衣之冕五斿用玉百二十𤣥衣之冕三斿用玉七十二諸侯之繅斿九就瑉玉三采其餘如王之事繅斿皆就玉瑱玉笄侯當為公字之誤也三采朱白蒼也其餘謂延紐皆𤣥覆朱裏與王同也出此則異繅斿皆就皆三采也每繅九成則九旒也公之冕用玉百六十二玉瑱塞耳者故書瑉作璑鄭司農云繅當為藻繅古字也藻今字也同物同音璑惡玉名諸侯及孤卿大夫之冕韋弁皮弁弁絰各以其等為之而掌其禁令各以其等繅斿玉璂如其命數也冕則侯伯繅七就用玉九十八子男繅五就用玉五十繅玉皆三采孤繅四就用玉三十二三命之卿繅三就用玉十八再命之大夫繅再就用玉八繅玉皆朱緑韋弁皮弁則侯伯璂飾七子男璂飾五玉亦三采孤則璂飾四三命之卿璂飾三再命之大夫璂飾二玉亦二采凡祭祀共黼畫組就之物以給衣服冕旒及盥中之屬禮器曰天子之冕朱緑藻十有二旒諸侯九上大夫七下大夫五士三此以文為貴也朱綠似夏商禮郊特牲曰王被袞以象天戴冕璪十有二旒則天數也天之大數不過十二玉藻曰天子玉藻十有二旒前後邃延龍卷以祭雜采曰藻天子以五采藻為旒旒十有二前後邃延者言皆出冕前後而垂也天子齊肩
14
弁師王之五冕五采繅十有二就諸侯之繅斿九就瑉玉三采其餘如王之事繅斿皆就諸侯及孤卿大夫之冕各以其等為之掌其禁令鄭氏曰繅雜文之名也合五采為之繩垂於延之前後各十二所謂邃延也繩每一匝貫五采玉諸侯繅斿皆就皆三采也每繅九成則九旒也侯伯繅七就子男繅五就孤繅四就卿繅三就大夫繅再就理或然也然冕五而已未有不設繅斿者鄭氏謂大裘之冕無旒爵弁如冕亦無旒此不可考禮器天子之冕朱綠藻十有二旒諸侯九上大夫七下大夫五士三其制與弁師不同異代之禮也葢藻潔而文衆采如之故曰藻水流趨下旗冕之垂者如之故曰旒藻或作繅以為之或作璪以玉貫之也繅旒或謂之繁露以其象然也漢制天子繅旒前長後短諸臣繅旒有前無後非古也

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