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卷二百十八

7
郭子仪、李光弼还常山,还,从宣翻,又音如字。史思明收散卒数万踵其后。子仪选骁骑更挑战,骁,坚尧翻。骑,奇寄翻。更,工衡翻。挑,徒了翻。三日,至行唐,即汉南行唐县,属常山郡。九域志:在郡北五十五里。贼疲,乃退。子仪乘之,又败之于沙河。沙河在新乐、行唐二县之间。败,补迈翻。蔡希德至洛阳,安禄山复使将步骑二万人北就思明,复,扶又翻。将,即亮翻,又音如字。又使牛廷玠发范阳等郡兵万馀人助思明,合五万馀人,而同罗、曳落河居五分之一。子仪至恒阳,思明随至,恒,户登翻。子仪深沟高垒以待之;贼来则守,去则追之,昼则耀兵,夜斫其营,贼不得休息。数日,子仪、光弼议曰:「贼倦矣,可以出战。」考异曰:河洛春秋以此为光弼语,汾阳家传作子仪语,盖二人共议耳。壬午,战于嘉山,据旧史安禄山传:嘉山在常山郡东。魏收地形志:中山郡上曲阳县有嘉山。上曲阳,即唐之恒阳也。考异曰:实录云「六月壬午」,按长历,六月癸未朔;壬午,五月二十九日也。汾阳家传、旧禄山传亦云「六月,战嘉山」。河洛春秋云:「六月二十五日,光弼破贼于嘉山。」今从实录而改其月。大破之,斩首四万级,捕虏千馀人。思明坠马,露髻跣足步走,至暮,杖折枪归营,折,而设翻。奔于博陵;光弼就围之,军声大振。于是河北十馀郡皆杀贼守将而降。将,即亮翻;下同。降,户江翻;下同。考异曰:河洛春秋云:「五月,蔡希德从东都见禄山,禄山又与马步二万人,至邢州,取尧山、招庆,射赵州东界,效曲、鼓、鹿城间,渡洿池水,入无极,至定州。牛介从幽州占归、檀、幽、易,兼大同、纥、蜡共万馀人,帖思明。思明君既壮,共五万馀人;其中精骑万人,悉是同罗、曳落河,精于驰突。光弼以十五万众顿军恒阳,樵采往来,人有难色,召有策者试之。时赵州司户参军先臣亡父包处遂上书与光弼曰:『思明用军,惟将劲悍,观其布措,实谓无谋。昔秦、赵争山,先居者胜,岂不为劳逸势倍,高下相悬。今宜重出军人有膂力者五万,被甲两重,陌刀各二。东有高山甚大,先令五千甲士于山上设伏,后出二千人山东取粮。贼见必追之,则奔山上。伏兵马与一百面鼓,应山上。避贼百姓,壮者亦与器械,令随大军;老弱者令居险固守,遥为声援。贼必围山攻之;城内出五万人,择将二人统之,各领二万,一将于南面,一将于城北门出。贼营悉在山东,其军夜出,长去贼三十里行;广张左右翼,以天晓合围。其军每二十五为队,每队置旗两口,鼓子一具,围落才合,则动鼓子;贼必不测人之多少。然于城东门出军一万人,布掌底陈,山上亦击鼓而下,齐攻之,必克胜。』光弼尤然此计,乃出朔方计会,出入取粮。贼果然来袭,即奔山上。至六月二十五日,依前计大破贼于嘉山阵,斩首数万馀级,生擒数千。思明落马步遁;至暮,拄折枪归营。希德中枪索,押衙刘旻斫断而走。生擒得旻。至二十六日,覆阵。二十七日,有诏至恒阳,云潼关失守,驾幸剑南。」包諝专欲归功其父,而他书皆无之。今不取。渔阳路再绝,渔阳,即谓范阳也。范阳郡,幽州。其后又分置蓟州渔阳郡,二郡始各有分界。然范阳节度尽统幽、易、平、檀、妫、燕等州,贼之根本实在范阳也。唐人于此时多以范阳、渔阳通言之,白居易诗所谓「渔阳鼙鼓动地来」,是以范阳通为渔阳也。前此颜杲卿以常山返正,渔阳路绝矣;杲卿败而复通。今郭、李破史思明,故再绝。贼往来者皆轻骑窃过,多为官军所获,将士家在渔阳者无不摇心。

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