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Scope: 呂氏家塾讀詩記
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卷十六

5
七月流火九月授衣一之日觱音必發二之日栗烈無衣無●音曷何以卒歳三之日于耜四之日舉趾同我婦子饁炎輒反彼南畒田畯音俊至喜張氏曰七月之詩皆以夏正為斷朱氏曰此詩月數皆以人正為紀○范氏曰何以卒歳則又見二之日為歳之終也○毛氏曰火大火也流下也公羊傳曰大辰者大火也何休注大火謂心○孔氏曰左傳張趯曰火星中而寒暑退服䖍云火大火心也季冬十二月平旦正中在南方大寒退季夏六月黃昬火星中大暑退左傳又曰火猶西流謂火下為流○朱氏曰火以六月之昬加於正南午位當東西之中至七月之昬則下而西流矣九月霜始降可以授冬衣矣一之日十之餘也一之日周正月也二之日殷正月也孔氏曰一之日二之日猶言一月之日二月之日故傳言一之日者是乃十外之餘謂數從一起而終於十更有餘月還以一二紀之也周正月斗建子之月也殷正月斗建丑之月也○程氏曰一之日猶云冬之日夏之日也○朱氏曰周之先公巳用此以紀候○張氏曰言月又言日别無義例只是文順觱發風寒也栗烈寒氣也王氏曰風而寒尚非其至也無風而寒於是為至○鄭氏曰●毛布也孔氏曰●賤者所服今夷狄作●皆織毛為之卒終也〇毛氏曰三之日夏正月也孔氏曰斗建寅之月也𡺳土晚寒于耜始修耒耜也孔氏曰月令季冬命農修耒耜孟春天子躬耕帝籍豳土寒晚溫亦晩故修耒耜始耕皆校中國一月也于訓為於四之日周四月也孔氏曰夏之二月斗建夘之月也民無不舉足而耕矣〇程氏曰同我婦子我婦我子同來致餉也○毛氏曰饁饋也田畯田大夫也孔氏曰釋言云畯農夫也孫炎曰農夫田官也郭璞曰今之嗇夫是也○鄭氏曰此章陳人以衣食為急餘章廣而成之○程氏曰歳過中而行暮矣當有卒歳之具禦冬之備故以七月流火為首張氏曰周人慮事有豫七月之詩常於半年前提掇故頻舉七月為言○范氏曰七月隂氣始盛而寒將至九月則不可無衣矣〇鄭氏曰此二正之月人之無衣無●將何以卒歳乎朱氏曰言所以授衣為是故也〇范氏曰孔子曰作易者其有憂患乎先王教民農桑以為衣食非以充欲所以備患也是故將言衣之本則著寒之候○歐陽氏曰農夫在田婦子往饋田大夫見其勤農樂業而喜孔氏曰周公陳先公在𡺳教民周備使衣食允足寒暑及時民奉上教知其早晚各自勸勉以勤事業故同我婦子饁彼南畒及嗟我婦子口為改歳此●民人之志非序先公號令之辭○范氏曰民生本乎衣食天下之務莫實於此矣禮義之所以起孝悌之所以生教化之所以成人情之所以固也故勤儉之俗莫如𡺳風〇董氏曰觱發●文作㓖栗烈集注作栗冽按烈從火不得為寒氣

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