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Chinese Text Project Wiki
-> -> -> Search for "䧕"
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Scope: 石經考
Condition : Contains text 「䧕」
Total 3

石經考

20
黃伯思東觀餘論漢石經與今文不同者殊多今略記之書女毋翕侮成人今本女無侮老成人保后胥髙保后胥慼女永勸憂女誕勸憂女有近則在乃心今近作戕女比猶念以相從今作女分猷各翕中各設中爾惠朕曷祗動萬民以遷爾謂朕曷震動天既付命今付作孚曰陳其五行汨陳嚴恭寅畏天命自亮以民祗今亮作度以作治懐保小人惠于矜寡今人作民于作鮮毋兄曰無皇曰則兄自敬徳今兄作皇旦以前人之微言今作徽言是罔顯哉厥世今哉作在文王之鮮光今作耿光通殷就大命逹殷集大命論語意與之與今意作抑孝于惟孝今于作乎朝聞道夕死可也今也作矣是魯孔丘與曰是是知津矣是魯孔丘與曰是也曰是知津矣耰而不輟子路以告子憮然耰而不輟子路行以告夫子憮然置其杖而耘今置作植其斯以乎其斯而已矣譬諸宫牆今諸作之賈諸賈之哉今賈作沽又論語每篇各計其章數其最後云凡廿篇萬五千七百一十字又記諸家異文若曰在於蕭牆之內蓋毛包周氏於今論語無蓋氏毛氏書此石在雒宮前御史臺中年乆推散雒人好事者時時得之今張燾龍圖家有十版最多張氏壻家有五六版王晉玉家有小塊雒中所有者止此予皆得其拓本論語之末題云詔書與博士臣左立劉本無立字郎中臣書上臣下皆𡙇當是著書者姓名或云此即蔡邕書姓名既亾無以辨之獨刻者陳興姓名甚完又有一段公羊不知誰氏所得其末云谿典諫議大夫臣馬日磾臣趙議郎臣劉𢎞郎中臣張文臣蘇陵臣傅楨雜雜未詳谿上𡙇當是堂谿典也此蓋鴻都一字石經然經各異手書不必皆蔡邕也三字者不見真刻獨此一字者乃當時所刻字畫髙古精善殊可寶重開元中嘗藏拓本於御府以開元二字小印印之與法書名畫同藏蓋唐世以前未錄前代石刻獨此見收其可寶如此
31
翬者何公子翬闕一字何以稱公下闕栢於是謂栢白吾為闕三字矣隱白下闕之之辭也然則孰立之石闕二字之石踖板本作碏下闕美大之之辭也棠者何濟闕一字之邑也曷為下闕仲子板本有也字未君則曷為祭仲子闕一字為立故下闕諸侯四諸公者何諸闕一字者何天子三公稱下闕相處乎內始闕一字諸公放板本作昉於此乎前此矣前下闕其成也白吾成敗矣吾與鄭人未有成板本有也字下闕後為年外取邑書此何㕥書久也下闕弟毋兄稱兄凡闕五字之大夫也此下闕之邑也天子有闕四字諸侯皆從泰山下闕而葬日卒赴而闕一字告公曷為與□者下闕大夫之未命者也 十年此公子翬也何下闕外於外大惡書小惡書於內大惡諱小下闕國也何以書葬隱之也何隱爾試板本作弒也試下闕板本有以為字闕一字臣子闕二字薨何以地忍言已上隱公何易之也易之則其下闕諱取周田也諱取已上桓公十有四年何以闕一字記異也何異下闕則至無王者則至有以告者曰有□而下闕乎隱祖之所遝板本作逮闕一字所見異辭所聞異辭所下闕亦樂乎堯舜闕二字君子也制春秋之義以已上哀公有 傳桓公二年顔氏有所見異辭所聞異下闕何以書記災也 世年顔氏言君出則已入下闕顔氏無伐而言圍者非取邑之辭也 十下闕谿典諫議大夫臣馬日磾臣趙議□臣闕二字臣□𢎞□中臣張彣臣傅楨●
39
右石經論語殘碑九百七十有一字前四篇後四篇之文也每篇必計其章終篇又總其字又載盍毛包周有無不同之說以今所行板本校之亦不至甚異其文有増損者其字亦有假借及用古者有字異而訓不逺若置其杖賈之㢤者漢人作文不避國諱威宗諱志順帝諱保石經皆臨文不易樊毅碑命守斯邦劉熊碑來臻我邦之類未嘗為髙帝諱也此碑邦君為兩君之好何必去父母之邦尚書安定厥邦皆書邦作國疑漢儒所傳如此非獨逺避此諱也水經云光和六年立石於太學其上悉刻蔡邕名魏正始中又刻古篆隸三字石經蓋諸儒受詔在熹平而碑成則光和年也隋志有一字石經七種三字石經三種其論云漢鐫七經皆蔡邕書又云魏立一字石經其說自相矛盾新舊唐志有今字石經七種而注論語云蔡邕作又有三字石經古篆兩種蓋唐史以隸為今字也觀遺經字畫之妙非蔡中郎輩不能為以黃初後來碑刻比之相去不啻霄壤豈魏人筆力可到當以水經為據三體者乃魏人所刻儒林傳云為古文篆隸三體者非也史稱邕自書丹使工鐫刻今所存諸經字體各不同雖邕能分善隸兼備衆體但文字之多恐非一人可辦史云邕與堂谿典楊賜馬日磾張訓韓說單颺等正定諸經今公羊論語之後惟堂谿日磾二人姓名尚存別有趙劉𢎪張文蘇𨹧𫝊楨左立孫表數人竊意其間必有同時揮毫者予詳玩遺字公羊詩書儀禮又在論語上劉寛碑隂王曜題名則公羊詩書之鴈行也黃初孔廟碑則論語之苗裔也識者當能別之

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