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卷六志第一 禮儀一

37
先是,帝欲有改作,乃下制旨,而與羣臣切磋其義。制曰:「明堂準《大戴禮》:『九室八牖,三十六戶。以茅蓋屋,上圓下方。』鄭玄據《援神契》,亦云『上圓下方』,又云『八窗四達』。明堂之義,本是祭五帝神,九室之數,未見其理。若五堂而言,雖當五帝之數,向南則背叶光紀,向北則背赤熛怒,東向西向,又亦如此,於事殊未可安。且明堂之祭五帝,則是總義,在郊之祭五帝,則是別義。宗祀所配,復應有室,若專配一室,則是義非配五,若皆配五,則便成五位。以理而言,明堂本無有室。」朱异以為:「《月令》『天子居明堂左个、右个』。聽朔之禮,既在明堂,今若無室,則於義成闕。」制曰:「若如鄭玄之義,聽朔必在明堂,於此則人神混淆,莊敬之道有廢。《春秋》云:『介居二大國之間。』此言明堂左右个者,謂所祀五帝堂之南,又有小室,亦號明堂,分為三處聽朔。既三處,則有左右之義。在營域之內,明堂之外,則有个名,故曰明堂左右个也。以此而言,聽朔之處,自在五帝堂之外,人神有別,差無相干。」其議是非莫定,初尚未改。十二年,太常丞虞復引《周禮》明堂九尺之筵,以為高下修廣之數,堂崇一筵,故階高九尺。漢家制度,猶遵此禮,故張衡云,「度堂以筵」者也。鄭玄以廟寢三制既同,俱應以九尺為度。制曰:「可。」於是毀宋太極殿,以其材構明堂十二間,基準太廟。以中央六間安六座,悉南向。東來第一青帝,第二赤帝,第三黃帝,第四白帝,第五黑帝。配帝總配享五帝,在阼階東上,西向。大殿後為小殿五間,以為五佐室焉。

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