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-> -> -> Search for "𧲱"
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Scope: 詩疑辨證
Condition : Contains text 「𧲱」
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卷三

91
朱子說詩専明大意而於鳥獸蟲魚之細時有不經意處未能無誤毛傳曰于貉謂取狐狸皮也鄭箋曰于貉往搏貉以自裘也狐狸以共尊者二家原以貉與狐狸為三獸也特毛傳簡質謂取狐狸皮也六字似一句後人誤讀遂覺難通埤雅以于貉為周禮祭表貉之事詩記以貉為狐狸之所見遷就其詞未見的確朱傳曰貉狐狸也于貉猶言于耜謂往取狐狸也竟以貉與狐狸為一獸則更誤矣攷爾雅曰□貉本作□乎各反子貆音丸善郉疏字林云□似狐 腄其子名貆郭云其雌者名●今江東呼為𧲱又曰貍子●音曳似邢疏字林云貍伏獸 貙郭云今或呼豾狸又曰貍狐貒音湍豚爾雅貒子貗郭注 也一名貛□醜其足蹯其跡]音鈕蹯邢疏此四獸之類皆有掌 其指頭著地處名]是貉與狐狸二獸相類耳不得渾為一也又考工記曰貉踰汶則死淮南子曰貛貉為曲穴正字通曰貉似狸鋭頭尖鼻斑色毛深溫滑可為裘爾雅翼墨客揮犀皆以為善睡朱氏以為貉賤而狐貴徐氏以貉為狐屬出則為狐之導言貉者不一矣穆天子傳曰天子西狩得白狐𤣥貉以祭於河狐言白貉言𤣥固非一物也至經傳之言狐者未易悉數說文謂狐為妖獸鬼所乗之有三徳其色中和小前豐後埤雅曰狐性疑疑則不可以合衆故從孤省而禹貢梁州熊羆狐狸蔡傳云四獸之皮織皮熊羆二獸也則狐狸亦二獸矣禮云狸去正脊狐去首亦分言狸狐子思曰謂狐為狸者非直不知狐也勿得狐并失狸者也是更因人誤以狐為狸而辨之矣雅翼曰狐口鋭而尾大狸口方而身文黃黒彬彬蓋次于豹則其類雖同而形實各異亦不難辨也若狸之為獸一名不來徐廣封禪書注周禮夏官射人若王大射則以狸射張三侯注狸善搏者也左傳定九年東郭書衣貍製檀弓貍首之斑然注文采似貍之首莊子曰子獨不見狸牲乎卑身而伏以候敖者淮南子曰狸頭似䑕以類推也管輅曰雖有爪牙微而不強雖有文章蔚而不明其名曰貍而正字通論之尤詳云大小似狐有猫貍虎貍九節貍香貍牛尾貍海貍則貉與狐狸之非一獸甚明朱子誤解毛傳未嘗細讀孔疏耳孔云于往也于貉言往不言取狐狸言取不言往皆是往捕之而取其皮也若以六字分兩句一讀讀謂取句狐狸讀皮也句其義自明矣

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