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-> -> 卷一 暢玄

《卷一 暢玄》[View] [Edit] [History]

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抱朴子內篇卷之一

暢玄》

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抱朴子曰,玄者,自然之始祖,而萬殊之大宗也。眇昧乎其深也,故能微焉。綿邈乎其遠也,故稱妙焉。其高則冠蓋乎九霄,其曠則籠罩乎八隅,光乎日月,迅乎電馳。或倏爍而景逝,或飄澤而星流,或滉漾於淵澄,或雰霏而雲浮。因兆類而為有,託潛寂而為無。淪大幽而下沉,凌辰極而上遊。金石不能比其剛,湛露不能等某柔。方而不矩,圓而不規。來焉莫見,往焉莫追。乾以之高,坤以之卑,雲以之行,雨以之施。胞胎元一,範鑄兩儀,吐納大始,鼓冶億類,徊旋四七,匠成草昧,轡策靈機,吹噓四氣,幽括沖默,舒闡粲尉,一作鬱。抑濁揚清,斟酌河渭,增之不溢,挹之不匱,與之不榮,奪之不瘁。故玄之所在,其樂不窮,玄之所去,器弊神逝。夫五聲八音,清商流徵,損聰者也。鮮華艷釆,或麗炳爛,傷明者也。宴安逸豫,清醪芳醴,亂性者也。冷容媚姿,鈆華素質,伐命者也。其唯玄道,可與為永。不知玄道者,雖顧盻為殺生之神器,脣吻為興亡之關鍵,綺榭俯臨乎雲雨,藻室華緑以參差,組帳霧合,羅幬雲離,西毛陳於閑房,金觴華以交馳,清絃嘈囋以齊唱,鄭舞紛●以蜲蛇,哀簫鳴以凌霞,羽蓋浮於漣漪,掇芳華於蘭林之囿,弄紅葩於積珠之池,登峻則望遠以忘百憂,臨深則俯學以遺朝飢,入宴千門之混焜,出驅朱輪之華儀,然樂極則哀集,至盈必有虧。故曲終則歎發,醼罷則心悲也。寔理勢之攸召,猶影響之相歸也。斯假借而非真,故物往若有遺也。
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玄道者,得之乎內,守之者外,用之者神,忘之者器,此思玄道之要言也。得之者貴,不待黃鉞之威。體之者富,不須難得之貨。高不可登,深不可測,乘流光,策飛景,凌六虛,貫涵溶。出乎無上,入乎無下。經乎汗漫之門,遊乎窈眇之野。逍遙恍惚之中,倘佯仿佛之表。咽九華於雲端,咀六氣於丹霞,俳徊茫昧,翱翔希微,履略蜿虹,踐跚旋璣,此得之者也。
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其次則真知足。知足者,則能肥遁勿用,頤光山林,紆鸞龍之翼於細分之伍,養浩然之氣於蓬華之中。繿縷帶索,不以貿龍章之暐曄也。負步杖筴,不以易結駟之駱驛也。藏夜光於嵩岫,不受他山之攻。沉鱗甲於玄淵,以違鑽灼之災。動息知止,無往不足。棄赫奕之朝華,避僨車之險路。吟嘯蒼崖之間,而萬物化為塵氛。怡顏豐柯之下,而朱戶變為繩樞。握耒甫田,而麾節忽若執鞭。啜荈漱泉,而大牢同乎藜藿。泰爾有餘歡於無為之場,忻然齊貴賤於不爭之地。含醇守樸,無欲無憂,全真虛器,居平味澹,恢恢蕩蕩,與渾成等其自然;浩浩茫茫,與造化鈞其符契。如闇如明,如濁如清,似遲而疾,似虧而盈。豈肯委尸祝之塵,釋大匠之位,越樽俎以代無知之庖,舍繩墨而助傷手之工。不以臭鼠之細瑣,庸夫之憂樂,藐然不喜流俗之譽,怛爾不懼雷同之毀。不以外物汨其至精,不以利害汙其純粹也。故窮富極貴,不足以誘之焉,其餘何足以悅之乎。直刃沸鑊,不足以劫之焉,謗讟何足以戚之乎。常無心於眾煩,而未始與物雜也。
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若夫操際珠以彈雀,舐瘡痔以屬車,登朽緡以探巢,泳呂梁以求魚,旦咸稱孤之客,夕為狐鳥之餘。棟橈餗覆,傾溺不振,蓋世人之所為載馳企及,而達者之所為寒心而悽愴者也。故至人嘿韶夏而韜藻稅,奮其六羽於五域之墟,而不煩御蘆之衛。翳其鱗角乎勿用之地,而不恃曲穴之備。俯無倨鵄之呼,仰無亢極之悔,人莫之識,邈矣遼哉。
URN: ctp:ws381373

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