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Scope: 廣東新語
Condition : Contains text 「鵅」
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卷二十 禽語

1
嶺南多珍鳥,予少時嘗喜畜養。有詩云:「仙禽亦有白鸚䳇,頂上一花蓮倒垂。么鳳可憐毛太綠,畵眉亦自白雙眉。」又云:「花裏青雞與錦雞,青鸞亦共白鷴棲。青雞頂上丹砂好,來自朱明洞以西。」青雞比秦吉了稍大,尾長,頭上一點如丹砂。錦雞一曰鵕䴊,山雞也。其冠甚小,背有黃赤文,綠頂紅腹,每照水即舞,目眩而死,其照鏡亦然。有碧雞,似孔雀而小,足重距,背連錢文,色碧,一名越王山雞。《六帖》云:「羅浮有碧雞,羣飛絕巘,或獨鳴空林,曰先顧先顧。」予嘗於浮山見之。每當日出,則碧雞先鳴,山中人乃以為天雞云。凡雞,皆天雞也。雞為積陽,南方之象,故陽出而雞鳴,以類感也。陽為天,故曰天雞。謂日中有天雞者,蓋日出於卯,卯之屬為兔,而兔之宅在月中,月出於西,西之屬為雞。而雞之宅在日中,蓋雞以金為質,以木為氣。木中有火,則日之精也;金中有水,則月之精也。嶺南陽明之地,乃雞之宅,故多錦雞、青雞之屬。其似雉而尾長三四尺者為鸐雞,似鸐而尾長五六尺,能走且鳴者為鷮雞。有金雞,項鬃毛純黃,身紅黃,雜有文采,目微色白。有金錢雞,通身作金錢如孔雀尾,足四距。有飜毛雞,翮翎皆飜生,彎彎向外,尤馴狎。有客雞,狀如雞而五采,出則歲穰。有真珠雞,體有珠點文,能反哺,亦曰孝鷊。每春夏天晴氣爽,則鼓翅而舞,口中微出物如錦綺,長數寸,漸長覆胸,燦然眩目,頃之漸收入喉中,剖之無所有也。大如鸜鵒,頭頰似雉,有錦囊在臆前,大如斗許,具五色。一名錦帶功曹,一名吐綬,亦曰綬雞。楊慎云:「綬雞曳綵而駢羅,能辟火災。」有竹雞,形如鷓鴣,褐色斑赤文,居竹林中,見儔必鬭,以囮誘其鬭,網之。性好啼,啼曰泥滑滑,白蟻畏之。諺曰:「家有竹雞啼,白蟻化為泥。」有鶡雞,類雉而大,黃黑色,有毛角如冠。性愛其黨,有被侵者,直往赴鬭,雖死猶不置。食之令人勇健。有鶬雞,食於田澤洲渚間,大者如鶴,青蒼色,長頸高脚,羣起飛鳴則有雨,一名雨落母,亦曰麥雞。有蘆雞,亦曰茅雞,生陽江山谷中,狀如鵲而身微赤,晴呼則雨,雨呼則晴。有石雞,特小,亦曰潮雞,潮長則鳴,其聲長而清,有如吹角。李德裕詩:「三更津吏報潮雞。」予詩:「雞聲若吹角,知是海潮來。」又云:「海氣夜成潮,潮雞唱泬寥。」有西洋雞,短足昂首,毛片如鱗,與孔雀彷佛。有鬱雞,可療鬱病。有豁雞,雞頭而烏喙,色黃,腹毛純黑,尾長下垂,鳴聲豁豁。性嗜蛇,人捕食之,能治骨節折傷。其哺子時,取雛折其兩足,乃以蛇飼之,三日即復,屢折屢復。有白臉雞,即春魂鳥也。有雞,似青雞而高大,頂有兩角。有長鳴雞,晝夜長鳴,鳴聲甚長。有英雞,狀如雞而雉尾,體熱無毛,腹下毛多赤,飛翔不遠,常食碎石英,秋時即無之。有火雞,大如鸛,多紫赤色,能食火,吐氣輙成烟燄,出滿剌加國,春夜先雞而鳴,粵間有之。有駝雞,高三尺許,花冠翠羽,背有雙峯,似駝,肉鞍可乘,能食鐵石,近有獻於京師者。或詠之曰:「廣南異物進駝雞,錦背雙峯一寸齊。只道紫駞來絕塞,雞林元在大荒西。」一名錦駝雞。此皆雞之族也。青鸞即烏鳳,狀如喜鵲,色紺碧鬃,頭有冠,類雄雞,尾垂二弱骨,各長一尺四五寸,及杪始有毛羽一簇,若垂旄而秉籊然。鳴聲清越,恍惚笙簫度曲,妙合宮商,又能為百蟲音。

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