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-> -> 曾巩《陈书》目录序

《曾巩《陈书》目录序》[View] [Edit] [History]

1 陈书》六本纪,三十列传,凡三十六篇,唐散骑常侍姚思廉撰。始思廉父察,梁、陈之史官也。录二代之事,未就而陈亡。隋文帝见察甚重之,每就察访梁陈故事,察因以所论载每一篇成辄奏之,而文帝亦遣虞世基就察求其书,又未就而察死。
2
察之将死,属思廉以继其业。唐兴,武德五年,高祖以自魏以来,二百馀岁,世统数更,史事放逸,乃诏撰次。而思廉遂受诏为《陈书》。久之,犹不就。贞观三年,遂诏论撰于秘书内省。十年正月壬子,始上之。
3
观察等之为此书,历三世,传父子,更数十岁而后乃成,盖其难如此。然及其既成,与宋、魏、梁、齐等书,世亦传之者少,故学者于其行事之迹,亦罕得而详也。而其书亦以罕传,则自秘府所藏,往往脱误。嘉佑六年八月,始诏校雠,使可镂板行之天下。而臣等言:「梁、陈等书缺,独馆阁所藏,恐不足以定箸。愿诏京师及州县藏书之家,使悉上之。」先皇帝为下其事。至七年冬,稍稍始集,臣等以相校。至八年七月,《陈书》三十六篇者始校定,可传之学者。其疑者亦不敢损益,特各书疏于篇末。其书旧无目,列传名氏多阙谬,因别为目录一篇,使览者得焉夫陈之为陈盖偷为一切之计非有先王经纪礼义风化之美制治之法可章示后世然而兼权尚计明于任使恭俭爱人则其始之所以兴惑于邪臣溺于嬖妾忘患纵欲则其终之所以亡兴亡之端莫非自己致者至于有所因造以为号令威刑职官州郡之制虽其事已浅然亦各施于一时皆学者之所不可不考也而当时之士自争夺诈伪苟得偷合之徒尚不得不列以为世戒而况于坏乱之中苍皇之际士之安贫乐义取舍去就不为患祸势利动其心者亦不绝于其间若此人者可谓笃于善焉盖古人之所思见而不可得风雨之诗所为作者也安可使之泯泯不少概见于天下哉则陈之史其可废乎盖此书成之既难其后又久不显及宋兴已百年古文遗事靡不毕讲而始得盛行于天下列于学者其传之之难又如此岂非遭遇固自有时也哉臣恂臣穆臣藻、臣觉、臣彦若、臣洙、臣巩谨叙目录昧死上
URN: ctp:ws395082

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