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卷十九

14
謝靈運安西將軍奕之曽孫而方明從子也祖𤣥晉車騎將軍父瑍生而不慧位秘書郎早亾靈運幼便頴悟𤣥甚異之謂親知曰我乃生瑍瑍兒何為不及我靈運少好學博覽群書文章之羙與顔延之為江左第一縱橫俊發過於延之深宻則不如也從叔祖混特加愛之襲封康樂公以國公例除員外散騎侍郎不就為琅邪王大司馬行叅軍性豪侈車服鮮麗衣物多改舊形制世共宗之咸稱謝康樂也累遷秘書丞坐事免宋武帝在長安靈運為世子中軍諮議黃門侍郎奉使慰勞武帝於彭城作撰征賦後為相國從事中郎世子左衛率坐輒殺門生免官宋受命降公爵為侯又為太子左衛率靈運多愆禮度朝廷惟以文義䖏之不以應實相許自謂才能宜叅權要既不見知常懷憤惋廬陵王義真少好文籍與靈運情欵異常少帝即位權在大臣靈運搆扇異同非毀執政司徒徐羡之等患之出為水嘉太守郡有名山水靈運素所愛好出守既不得志遂肆意遊遨徧歴諸縣動踰旬朔理人聴訟不復闗懷所至輒為詩詠以致其意在郡一周稱疾去職從弟晦曜𢎞㣲等並與書止之不從靈運父祖並𦵏始寧縣并有故宅及墅遂移籍㑹稽修營舊業傍山帶江盡幽居之羙與隱士王𢎞之孔淳之等放蕩為娛有終焉之志毎有一首詩至都下貴賤莫不競寫宿昔間士庶皆徧名動都下作山居賦并自注以言其事文帝誅徐羡之等徵為秘書監再召不起使光祿大夫范泰與書敦奨乃出使整祕閣書遺闕又令撰晉書粗立條流書竟不就尋遷侍中賞遇甚厚靈運詩書皆兼獨絶每文竟手自寫之文帝稱為二寳既自以名軰應叅時政至是惟以文義見接每侍上宴談賞而已王曇首王華殷景仁等名位素不踰之並見任遇意既不平多稱疾不朝直穿池植援種竹樹果驅課公役無復期度出郭遊行或一百六七十里經旬不歸既無表聞又不請急上不欲傷大臣諷㫖令自觧靈運表陳疾賜假東歸將行上書勸伐河北而游娛宴集以夜續晝復為御史中丞傅隆奏免官是嵗元嘉五年也靈運既東與族弟恵連東海何長瑜頴川荀雍太山羊璿之以文章賞㑹共為山澤之游時人謂之四友惠連幼有竒才不為父方眀所知靈運去永嘉還始寧時方眀為㑹稽靈運造方眀遇惠連大相知賞靈運性無所推唯重惠連與為刎頸交時何長瑜教惠連讀書亦在郡內靈運又以為絶倫謂方眀曰阿連才悟如此而尊作常兒遇之長瑜當今仲宣而飴以下客之食尊既不能禮賢宜以長瑜還靈運載之而去荀雍字道雍官至員外散騎郎璿之字曜璠為臨川內史被司空竟陵王誕所遇誕敗坐誅長瑜才亞恵連雍璿不及也臨川王義慶招集文士長瑜自國侍郎至平西記室參軍嘗於江陵寄書與宗人何朂以韻語序義慶州府僚佐云陸展染白髪欲以媚側室青青不觧久星星行復出如此者五六句而輕薄少年遂演之凡人士並為題目皆加劇言苦句其文流行義慶大怒白文帝除廣州所統曽城令及義慶薨朝士並詣第敘哀何朂謂袁淑曰長瑜便可還也淑曰國新䘮未宜以流人為念廬陵王紹鎮尋陽以長瑜為南中郎行叅軍掌書記之任行至板橋遇暴風溺死靈運因祖父之資生業甚厚奴僮既衆義故門生數百鑿山浚湖功役無已尋山陟嶺必造幽峻巖嶂數十重莫不備盡登躡常著木屐上山則去其前齒下山去其後齒嘗自始寕南山伐木開徑直至臨海從者數百臨海太守王琇驚駭謂為山賊末知靈運乃安又要琇更進琇不肯靈運贈琇詩曰邦君難地嶮旅客易山行在㑹稽亦多從衆驚動縣邑太守孟顗事佛精懇而為靈運所輕嘗謂顗曰得道應湏慧業丈人生天當在靈運前成佛必在靈運後顗深恨此言又與王𢎞之諸人出千秋亭飲酒倮身大呼顗深不堪遣信相聞靈運大怒曰身自大呼何闗癡人事㑹稽東郭有回踵湖靈運求决以為田文帝令州郡履行此湖去郭近水物所出百姓惜之顗堅執不與靈運既不得回踵又求始寧休湖為田顗又固執靈運謂顗非存利人政慮決湖多害生命言論傷之與顗遂隙因靈運横恣表其異志發兵自防露板上言靈運馳詣闕上表自陳本末文帝知其見誣不罪也不欲復使東歸以為臨川內史在郡游放不異永嘉為有司所紏司徒遣使隨州從事鄭望生收靈運靈運興兵叛逸遂有逆志為詩曰韓亾子房奮秦帝魯連恥本自江海人忠義感君子追討禽之送廷尉廷尉論正斬刑上愛其才欲免官而已彭城王義康堅執謂不宜恕詔以謝𤣥勲參㣲管宜宥及後嗣降死徙廣州後秦郡府將宋齊受使至涂口行達桃墟村見有七人下路聚語疑非常人還告郡縣遣兵隨齊掩討禽之其一人姓趙名欽云同村薛道雙先與靈運共事道雙因同村成國報欽云靈運犯事徙廣州給錢令買弓箭刀楯等物使道雙要合鄉里健兒於三江口簒之若得者如意後功勞是同遂合部黨要謝不得及還饑饉緣路為劫有司奏收之文帝詔於廣州棄市臨死作詩曰龔勝無餘生李業有終盡嵇公理既廹霍生命亦殞所稱龔勝李業猶前詩子房魯連之意也時元嘉十年年四十九所著文章傳於世孟顗字彦重平昌安邱人衛將軍昶弟也昶顗並美風姿時人謂之雙珠昶貴盛顗不就辟昶死後顗歴侍中僕射太子詹事散騎常侍左光祿大夫嘗就徐羡之因敘關洛中事顗歎劉穆之終後便無繼者王𢎞亦在甚不平曰昔魏朝酷重張郃謂不可一日無之及郃死何關興廢顗不悅衆賔笑而釋之後卒於㑹稽太守靈運子鳯坐靈運徙嶺南早卒

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