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Scope: 苌楚斋三笔
Condition : Contains text “昰”
Total 10

苌楚斋三笔卷十

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光绪八年,朝鲜国大院君李应主谋变乱,突于六月间围逼王宫,王妃被难,大臣被戕,日本使馆亦受扰害,实为党恶首祸,罪不容诛。合肥李文忠公鸿章,以居母丧回里,合肥张靖达公树声,署理北洋大臣、直隶总督,传电谋之文忠。是时外舅同邑吴武壮公长庆防海登州,急檄武壮东渡。武壮自登州率师参千,并同邑丁雨亭军门汝昌、南徐马眉叔观察建忠等同往。用一日夜,径抵仁川,直入朝鲜都城,拏获乱党壹百馀人。殄厥渠魁,赦其胁从,旬日之间,祸乱悉平,人心大定。日本海军迟一日至,顿兵海口,错愕不能发。武壮以祸变由大院君而起,伪为纳交以诱之。大院君果来答拜,武壮即使人监视行营,用兵轮解交天津。旋奉上谕,以「朝鲜国王于李应谊属尊亲,若竟置之重典,转令该国王无以自处,是用特沛恩施,姑从宽减,李应著免其治罪,安置直隶保定府地方,永不准回国。仍著直隶总督优给廪饩,严其防闲。以弭该国祸乱之端,即以维该国王伦纪之变。钦此。」云云。嗣后礼部奏,接据朝鲜国王来咨,吁恳准令李应归国。复奉上谕:「李应以宗属至亲,积威震主,谋危宗社,罪无可逭,所请将李应释回之处,著无庸议,嗣后不得再行渎请。钦此。」云云。是当时情形,上谕已十分明白,无庸置喙。靖达且以是役调度有方,得赏加太子少保衔。武壮率军回,至金州而殁,复蒙优恤。良由恭忠亲王久秉国钧,庙堂之上主持得人,故能内外相衔,恩威并济,消弭祸患,海宇澄清如此。未几,文忠以丁母忧,奉旨夺情起复,赏假期满,复回直隶总督本任。恭忠亲王为谏臣所讦,谪出军机。醇贤亲王以德宗景皇帝本生父资格,当时虽无太上皇之名,确有太上皇之实,代为秉政。以李应事正与己同,首以此举为不然,大为震怒。尤以监禁朝鲜国王本生父大院君李应,为挫辱朝鲜国王、太上皇为非礼,力谋翻案。复经文忠力劝苦求,始已。李应以监禁保定府□□□□年,久已相安无事,无故纵之回国,致使前功尽弃,复召光绪甲午朝鲜国第二次之乱,李应仍复主持其事。先文庄公当日闻文忠言,深悉其中原委,后每言及此事,未尝不太息痛恨也。

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