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Scope: 中複堂選集
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中複堂選集

86 六年正月至滇。貴州土瘠民貧,惟黎平府產杉木、松桃廳產茶桐,獲利資生,餘則彌望皆童山也。近歲大吏勸民種橦樹,放蠶收繭、織綢,甚有效。而守令或以為迂。公過諸府州縣,多未行者。複手教勸之,且捐給工本。滇省荒遠,以靖撫邊夷、督運銅鹽為大政。公奏陳銅礦情形,其略曰:滇省應運京銅六百五十餘萬,帶補歷年沉失三十餘萬,本省局鑄六十餘萬,各省採買二百七十餘萬,凡用銅一千數十萬斤。昔時銅旺,有盈存貯,瀘店謂之底銅。諸廠或一時未措,輒借兌運京。嗣礦生漸微,歷請封閉,減額銅二百餘萬,近歲愈縮,年常不敷一、二百萬。嘉慶二十二年,底銅已盡。適四川鳥坡銅廠驟旺,由滇委員買補。至道光五年,瀘店收銅八百一萬。道光三年,寧台廠應運京銅,改撥各省採買,以瀘店撥補京運。今存底銅二百七十餘萬而已。本年諸廠報獲及已發在途、已買未運之鳥坡銅四百數十萬,尚可濟乙酉年京運。至本省局鑄與各省採買,皆未能裕。由諸廠攻採,年久硐深礦薄,產銅日絀,而炭山漸遠,運腳加增,窯戶砂丁,工本價外,餘潤無幾。故探銅日少。欲覓子廠,須預費工本,民皆乏資,廠官借發,恐無成效,遂至虧賠。此滇銅疲滯之情形也。惟有慎選乾員,經理、調劑攻採,飭令各屬廣覓子廠,嚴緝私鑄,設法整頓,期有起色。又奏鹽務曰:滇中舊制,昭通、東川二府食川鹽,廣南行粵鹽,開化府沿邊井遠民夷私食𨹍鹽,餘皆食本省井鹽。嘉慶八年,改定民運、民銷,亦無分地,聽商販赴井納課領引配鹽運銷,井官收課報解,年徵課銀三十七萬二千餘兩。其後奏銷漸絀,年欠課至十數萬。詳察其故,由八年改定時,諸小井雖出鹵淡薄,而黑白、安寧、石膏諸大井產鹽尚旺,且有溢銷可撥補。迨後大井鹵亦漸縮,薪艱費巨,溢銷不足補缺。黑鹽諸井,水數淹,虧課,不得已開子井,鹵稍厚,因新例不分地界,濫價爭售,侵占他井銷路,是以課額日絀。目前要策,先擇誠實諳習井務之員,堵緝私販,就井稽鹵,防範於灶戶未煎之先,然後按諸井出鹽多寡,分地營銷,以杜濫價越占之弊。損益變通,惟在行之有效。公以古人防邊之計無逾屯田。日與撫軍考地圖,訪形勢,經營屯田,安撫土司,建設碉堡,練丁防守。諸制未成,疾作。五月一日,薨。贈太子少保,謚文恪,賜祭一壇,葬於郡城北陽山之西麓。

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