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Scope: 治谱
Condition : Contains text “変”
Total 1

治谱卷之十

131
一煮粥之法、最忌群千万人而聚食一处、湏要逐乡而煮分图而食今煮粥者多止于城门。则仍为强棍所得啜。而远者病者。残躯体者。或以道毙。犹然沟中瘠也。切要分界而多置爨所。然分界置爨矣。待哺者多。彼此相挤。又难□散均平。使人人各得一饱。病弱之夫。仍不能前有废焉返耳。当令饥民至者。随其先后来一人则坐一人后至者坐先至之下但巳坐者即不许再起一行坐尽。又坐一行以面相对以背相倚空其中街。可容担粥人役行走。坐至正午。官击梆一声。唱给一次食。即令而人抬粥桶。两人执瓢杓。照饥民各持碗轮散之。其有快餐先毕者。亦不得即与(以)[妙]致混乱湏将第一碗□□讫。然后击第二梆。高唱给二次食。从头又散。□□至三遍亦如之。三食己毕纵能(食)[妙]者亦止盖久□之民□胄枯细恐其骤饱即死故也、□□□中□有父母妻子。饿病在家者。量行给与。与□□归。如此处□巳讫。方令饥民起行。庶乎周遍□□而人无不食之叹矣。至若煮粥之谷。虽发于官仓然既使殷实之民领去、亦不必定将原谷舂煮、致有人夫络绎之劳费、即舂用已谷、不失官数则巳、又当多置缸桶瓢杓铁锅等项柴亦取于官方可、恐取于保甲、又有科派之害也、惟碗筯则令饥民自备水则令保甲编户挑之凡饥时必多。盖多人群聚、秽热蒸染、易以生灾、尤湏多置苍醋碗、熏烧以逐瘟气。又禁管粥者克米。粥内将生水搀稀。致久饥者食后暴死。呜呼给粥者本以救民之生也而用心不到反以速民之死为民父母者其体咏父母二字而可也

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