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Scope: 元史
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卷一百四十二

1
答失八都鲁,曾祖纽璘、祖也速答儿,有传。答失八都鲁,南加台子也。以世袭万户镇守罗罗宣尉司。土人作乱,答失八都鲁捕获有功,四川省举充船桥万户。出征云南,升大理宣慰司都元帅。至正十一年,特除四川行省参知政事,拨本部探马赤军三千,从平章咬住讨贼于荆襄。九月,次安平站。时咬住兵既平江陵,答失八都鲁请自攻襄阳。十二年,进次荆门。时贼十万,官军止三千馀,遂用宋廷杰计,招募襄阳官吏及土豪避兵者,得义丁二万,编排部伍,申其约束。行至蛮河,贼守要害,兵不得渡,即令屈万户率奇兵由间道出其后,首尾攻,贼大败。追至襄阳城南,大战,生擒其伪将三十人,腰斩之。贼自是闭门不复出。答失八都鲁乃相视形势,内列八翼,包络襄城;外置八营,军岘山、楚山,以截其援;自以中军四千据虎头山,以瞰城中。署从征人李复为南漳县尹,黎可举为宜城县尹,拊循其民,以赋军馈。城中之民受围日久,夜半,二人缒城叩营门,具告虚实,愿为内应。答失八都鲁与之定约,以五月朔日四更攻城,授之密号而去。至期,民垂绳以引官军,先登者近千人。时贼船百馀艘在城北,阴募善水者凿其底。天将明,城破,贼巷战不胜,走就船,船坏,皆溺水死。伪将王权领千骑西走,遇伏兵被擒。襄阳遂平。加答失八都鲁资善大夫,赐上尊及黄金束带,以其弟识里木为襄阳达鲁花赤,子孛罗帖木儿为云南行省理问。比贼再犯荆门、安陆、沔阳,答失八都鲁辄引兵败之。寻诏益兵五千,以乌撒乌蒙元帅成都不花听其调发。
2
十三年,定青山、荆门诸寨。九月,率兵略均、房,平谷城,攻开武当山寨数十,获伪将杜将军。十二月,趋攻峡州,破伪将赵明远木驴寨。升四川行省右丞,赐金系腰。十四年正月,复峡州。三月,升四川行省平章政事,兼知行枢密院事,总荆襄诸军。五月,命玉枢虎儿吐华代答失八都鲁守中兴、荆门,且令答失八都鲁以兵赴汝宁。十月,诏与太不花会军讨安丰。是月,复苗军所据郑、钧、许三州。十二月,复河阴、巩县。十五年,命答失八都鲁就管领太不花一应诸王籓将兵马,许以便宜行事。六月,拜河南行省平章政事。进次许州长葛,与刘福通野战,为其所败,将士奔溃。九月,至中牟,收散卒,团结屯种。贼复来劫营,掠其辎重,遂与孛罗帖木儿相失。刘哈剌不花进兵来援,大破贼兵,获孛罗帖木儿归之。复驻汴梁东南青堽。十二月,调兵进讨,大败贼于太康,遂围亳州,伪宋主小明王遁。十六年,加金紫光禄大夫。三月,朝廷差脱欢知院来督兵,答失八都鲁父子亲与刘福通对敌,自巳至酉,大战数合,答失八都鲁坠马,孛罗帖木儿扶令上马先还,自持弓矢连发以毙追者,夜三更步回营中。十月,移驻陈留。十一月,攻取河刘福通寨。十二月庚申,次高柴店,逼太康三十里。是夜二鼓,贼五百馀骑来劫,以有备亟遁。火而追之,比晓,督阵力战,自寅至巳,四门皆陷,壮士缘城入其郛,斩首数万,擒伪将军张敏、孙韩等九人,杀伪丞相王、罗二人。辛酉,太康悉平,遣孛罗帖木儿告捷京师。帝赐劳内殿,王其先臣三世,拜河南行省左丞相,仍兼知行枢密院事,守御汴梁;识里木云南行省左丞;孛罗帖木儿四川行省左丞;将校僚属赏爵有差。十七年三月,诏朝京师,加开府仪同三司、太尉、四川行省左丞相。九月,取沟城、东明、长垣三县。十月,诏遣知院达理麻失理来援,分兵雷泽、濮州,而达理麻失理为刘福通所杀,达达诸军皆溃。答失八都鲁力不能支,退驻石村。朝廷颇疑其玩寇失机,使者促战相踵。贼觇知之,诈为答失八都鲁通和书,遗诸道路,使者果得之以进。答失八都鲁觉知,一夕忧愤死,十二月庚子也。子孛罗帖木儿别有传。

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