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《凡例》[View] [Edit] [History]

1 凡例自序中未悉者詳見於此一四聖之易伏羲卦畫文王卦辭周公爻辭此三聖人者謂之經今於各卦之首標以經字孔子大象傳彖傳小象傳文言傳有經可附者附各卦之後其總論一書之大體凡例旡經可附如繫辭上傳繫辭下傳說卦傳序卦傳雜卦傳則以附於六十四卦之後各於篇題仍存傳名並作白字庶幾不與正文相混開卷者瞭然於古易今易四聖人之書雖異而實同程朱先生易傳夲義於是可合而觀之矣
2 一孔子大象傳所以釋伏羲六畫卦義彖傳所以釋文王卦下之辭小象傳所以釋周公爻下之辭而文言傳又總釋一卦之義特於乾坤𤼵其例耳此有經可附者觀下繫易者象也數語先後次第甚明今各循其序庶不紊夫子以傳釋經之意其無經可附者則仍循其舊焉
3 一東萊吕氏音訓朱子所深取見古易序中文公孫鑑跋之云先公著述經傳悉加音訓而於易獨否者以有東萊先生此書也惜刋本義者不曾附入遂使此書幾至无傳今得善夲悉附經文間有未備者仍附程傳之末
4 一程子易傳朱子夲義兩家全文稱程子曰朱子曰以相識别而總謂之集解在吕氏音訓之次
5 一程子語録盡用天台董氏所纂又徧閲程子諸書及其他纂録之文復采其未備者增益之明道先生之說亦在録中只依朱子四書例並稱程子不復分别朱子語録除董録外多用先師胡先生所編亦復博覽文公諸書及其他纂録之文采其未備者增益之大約各以順經文為序雜碎之說居先通論經文者次之旁及他爻他卦及朱子語中論程傳夲義處又次之稱程子語朱子語以相識别而總謂之附録在集解之次
6 一程朱二先生語録諸書有總論一經之大體凡例及雜舉衆說與自言著述難以分附各處者别為綱領二卷置之帙首亦讀是經者所宜先知
7 一是書以程朱二家為主故凡語録諸書應有與易經相關者悉加蒐輯然其間豈無有録者之詳略工拙議論之先後異同審定去取以備參攷
8 一程朱二先生語録並據所出夲備載記録門人姓名案文公序遺書謂家有先人舊藏數篇皆記當時記録主名蓋可以知此語之為誰記此說之為誰問乃不没人之善處然其書自有十卷不可知是何人所録故文公於近思録引程子語處不復書門人之名固不可得而悉存之然亦皆程子之自言爾亦如二程子書元來自有數卷只曰二先生語故只共稱程子近有著述文公之書及語録者多去記録門人姓名且混於纂疏之內以解門人之書者有之則甚不可也姑以語孟二書言之豈非即是孔子孟子兩部語録乎其間有門弟子問而孔孟答者有門人自言者後儒引用未甞略其姓名何獨乃於朱子門人而必欲盡削之遂使其間有只存一問字多至數十百言而先生荅之曰然曰得之曰此說是之𩔖者竟不知其為何人此豈著述之良法哉若先生所自言而略記者之名則猶可爾今各稽之全録悉書門人姓名其未知者則姑闕之程子語亦依此例
9 一諸家之解有相發明者以先師纂疏為夲又以平日所聞父師者增益之更廣參衆說悉取其議論之優長理象之的當順經文而次第之旁及他爻他卦者次之總論數節數卦者又次之並无偏黨固執已見庶幾讀者各有所得稱某氏曰某氏曰以相識别其或世次有先後或其說有多寡而同姓氏者則不免旁註其名而非有所輕重也總謂之纂註在附録之次管窺一得之愚則間綴於其末焉
10 一是編雖以程朱子二家全書為主然於理之所聚而不可遺理之可行而無所碍者歴代諸家之說莫不究攬故總名之曰周易會通朱子又曰會便是四邊合聚來處通便是空處行得去處㑹而不通則窒碍而不可行通而不會亦不知許多曲直錯雜處又曰一卦之中自有會通六爻又各自有會通愚亦謂一書之中又自有會通顧名思義則於隨時變易以從道者皆可識矣
URN: ctp:ws473153

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